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Montesano sulla Marcellana


Montesano, in the province of Salerno, is one of the 14 municipalities belonging to the "Vallo di Diano 'Mountain Community, a few kilometers from Teggiano, a medieval center of considerable cultural interest, from Pertosa home to the splendid caves and from Padula, which, with the its magnificent and imposing Certosa di San Lorenzo, is the destination of an ever increasing number of tourists.
  • Village in the mountain
  • Village with park
  • Thermal village
Montesano Marcellana  |
Montesano Marcellana
Montesano Marcellana  |
Montesano Marcellana
Montesano Marcellana  |
Montesano Marcellana
Montesano Marcellana  |
Montesano Marcellana
Montesano Marcellana  |
Montesano Marcellana
Montesano Marcellana  |
Montesano Marcellana
Montesano Marcellana  |
Montesano Marcellana
Montesano Marcellana  |
Montesano Marcellana
Montesano Marcellana  |
Montesano Marcellana
Montesano Marcellana  |
Montesano Marcellana
Montesano Marcellana  |
Montesano Marcellana
A look at Montesano sulla Marcellana
A look at Montesano sulla Marcellana

About the village

Montesano sulla Marcellana is the village in a higher position with respect to all the others of the Vallo di Diano. Beyond the various legends, the toponym indicates in an unequivocal way the reasons which determined the initial settlement. Legend has it that the inhabitants of Marcellinum, country located downstream of today's Montesano, due to the unhealthy air due to the marshy places, and subsequently to epidemics of plague, are refugees in hill (at about 850 m above sea level) where was founded around the year one thousand, the new country that precisely for the healthiness of the air and of its numerous sources was named Montesano. The toponym "on marcellana" derives from the place of origins Marcellinum and from the street Marcellana that crosses it. The farmhouse dates back probably to before the year One Thousand and certainly has its origin as a result of the destruction of Cesariana and other cities of the valley by the Saracens in 915 A.D. The first news you have in 1086 and the name recurs, shortly after in a privilege that Ruggiero II, King of Sicily, granted to the abbot Leonzio Grottaferrata in April 1131. For the healthy air and the richness of the waters and the fertility of the soil, Montesano fief scope by many lords in the medieval period.

The first of which it has news was Annibaldo Trasmondo of Rome, who received it as a gift from the King Charles of Anjou in 1269. In 1271 it passed to Arnolfo Pelagalli who dominated for 32 years. In 1303 was in power of Nicola de Molinis and, two years later, Iozolino d'Amendolia. It was in this period that the village knew the devastation of wars and therefore the Angevin government the Agreement the tax exemption for three years. Was later domain of Guglielmo de Ponziaco and then his son John until 1320, the year in which it passed to him wife Francesca de Laia. In 1333 he was lord of Montesano Roberto de Ponziaco, Maestro rational of the Grand Court. In 1337 Guglielmo Sanseverino, son of Count Tommaso, founder of the Certosa di Padula, bought the feud by said Roberto and, in 1346, bestowed it to his wife Margherita di Scotto, who held him with the title of the County for well over 54 years. In the next three hundred years many other lords avvicendarono is in the domination of the village; among others will remember Guglielmo Sanseverino to which the feud was removed in 1496 for rebellion to King Frederick of Aragon and given to Dimas de Requesens.

For the inhabitants, in the course of all these centuries, life not spent certainly quiet due to continuous famines and epidemics and earthquakes that periodically made their appearance. In 1348 there was the black plague that you journeyed back alive in 1656. In 1700, however, occurred a noticeable increase in population with a consequent increase in the urban fabric. The revolutionary wave that swept the south with the proclamation of the Neapolitan Republic in 1799, did feel its effects even at Montesano, where took place the riots and violence between monarchists and Republicans, the latter decided to modify the old social arrangement. On 17 February was savagely killed the "democratizzatore" Nicola Cestari, who was elected President of the Municipal Council. Restoring order, Montesano became a free common and could enjoy a period of relative prosperity.

On 21 October 1860, on the occasion of the plebiscite for the annexation to the Kingdom of Italy, the country was at the center of a revolt by filoborbonici. The reaction was however soon tamed also for the troops of the National Guard of neighboring countries. In the meantime three years before, namely 16 December 1857 a violent earthquake had swept away the traces materials of past dominations, destroying the castle together with the two parish churches of S. Nicola and S. Andrea. With the expulsion of the Bourbons and the constitution of the Kingdom of Italy, also in the territory of Montesano spread the scourge of brigandage by bands coming from Cilento and from nearby Basilicata.

The territory downstream that delimits the end of Vallo di Diano in south direction exists for several years now, the regional park "Cerreta - Cognola", a green oasis constituted by a vast woods of centuries-old trees, inside which are bred in the wild state, different species of animals, now almost disappeared in the free state. Going up the municipal territory toward the village chief town, meets the area "spa", characterized by a strong presence of sources of oligomineral waters, and here, near the thermal establishment, the Municipal Administration has created a "wellness oasis," a path pedestre equipped, from which you can also enjoy a beautiful panoramic view. Exceeded the capital, meet some highlands, positioned at various altitudes ranging from 900 to 1200 meters. The largest is the plain of Magorno - Tardiano, in this plain, winter if the rainfall so permits, it forms a small alluvial lake. If you decide to take one of the various paths that climb up into the mountains of the Maddalena, among woods and meadows, it is not difficult to come across herds of cattle are left free to graze, foxes and wild boar. Of particular interest are the caves of S. Angelo in locality Lucito, to visit to the uncontaminated beauty.

The local economy is mainly based on agriculture and handicraft. The livestock permits the production of salami and products derived from the processing of milk.

Village of Montesano sulla Marcellana
Municipality of Montesano sulla Marcellana

Province of Salerno
Campania Region

Population: 6.432 montesanesi
Altitude centre: 850 m s.l.m.

Unesco Site:
Cilento and Vallo di Diano, Paestum, Velia and Certosa di Padula National Park

the Municipality is part of:
Unesco World Heritage Site
Comunità Montana Vallo di Diano

Protected Natural Areas:
Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park
Foce Sele - Tanagro Natural Reserve

Municipality
Piazza F. Gagliardi 1 - Tel. +39 0975 865189

= distances as the crow flies

BY CAR

  • From the A3 Salerno-Reggio Calabria motorway, exit at Padula-Buonabitacolo, or take the SS 103 national road

ON THE TRAIN

  • Montesano Sulla Marcelain Railway Station

  • Sunday after 19 April - Feast of Sant'Espedito Martyr in the locality of Magorno.
  • penultimate Sunday of June - Feast of Sant'Antonio dei Cappuccini
  • Sunday after 16 August - Feast of San Rocco and San Nicola.

Sleep, eat, buy...

= distances as the crow flies
Unique Experience
A tour operator able to offer a thrill to the curious on the Amalfi Coast and to take care of the...
Via Raimondo Orsini, 4 - 84010, Tramonti (Salerno)
101.18 Kilometers from Montesano sulla Marcellana
= distances as the crow flies

Events

thursday
13
june, 2024

Feast of Saint Anthony of the Capuchins

saturday
29
june, 2024

Feast of St. Peter in Montesano Scalo

wednesday
17
july, 2024

Fair of Maria SS. del Carmine

saturday
27
july, 2024

Feast for Pope John Paul II in the Capuana area

sunday
28
july, 2024

Feast of Sant'Anna in Magorno

sunday
4
august, 2024

Feast of Santa Rita in Prato Comune

sunday
11
august, 2024

Feast of San Gerardo Maiella in the locality of Tardiano

saturday
7
september, 2024

Fair of Our Lady of Loreto

from
sunday
22
september, 2024
to monday 23 september 2024

Feast of Saint Pio of Pietrelcina

friday
6
december, 2024

Feast of St Nicholas

friday
13
december, 2024

Feast of Saint Lucia

thursday
16
january, 2025

Fires of Sant'Antonio Abate

from
wednesday
30
april, 2025
to thursday 1 may 2025

Fair of St. Vincent and St. Joseph

sunday
25
may, 2025

Feast of St. Anthony in the locality Tardiano

sunday
25
may, 2025

Feast of Our Lady of the Rosary

Our news about Montesano sulla Marcellana

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