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Massa Marittima


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Nestled on the Grosseto Metalliferous Hills, Massa Marittima, enclosed within a well-preserved city wall, represents one of the most relevant urban-architectural complexes in all of Tuscany. The Cathedral of San Cerbone is the main religious building in the area and represents one of the most important monuments of Romanesque architecture in the Maremma and Tuscany.
  • Village with park
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Massa Marittima  | toscana promozione turistica
Massa Marittima
toscana promozione turistica
Massa Marittima  | toscana promozione turistica
Massa Marittima
toscana promozione turistica
Massa Marittima  | toscana promozione turistica
Massa Marittima
toscana promozione turistica
Massa Marittima  |
Massa Marittima
Massa Marittima  | andersphoto/shutterstock
Massa Marittima
andersphoto/shutterstock
Massa Marittima  | robertonencini/shutterstock
Massa Marittima
robertonencini/shutterstock
Cloister of St. Augustine  | robertonencini/shutterstock.com
Cloister of St. Augustine
robertonencini/shutterstock.com
Massa Marittima  | Masini/shutterstock
Massa Marittima
Masini/shutterstock
Massa Marittima  | milosk50/shutterstock
Massa Marittima
milosk50/shutterstock
Video by Maremma

About the village

The village of Massa Marittima, in Tuscany, is situated on one of the southern extremities of Colline Metallifere of Grosseto, that dominate the left shore of the river Pecora. The western and southern parts of its territory slopes down towards the Maremmana plain, while in the south-eastern part there is the Lago dell'Accesa, of karst origin. The territory around Massa Marittima was inhabited in prehistoric and protohistoric times.

Etruscan settlements were found instead in the area of the Lago dell'Accesa, dating back a long period of time that goes from the IX to the V century B.C. The century which ratified the beginning of the final flowering of the city was the XI century, when the gradual transfer of the episcopal see of Populonia to Massa Marittima occurred. Initially loaned to Pisa (1216), the city experienced the height of its splendour during the years in which it was a free commune (1255-1337), experiencing a great urban expansion thanks to the construction of great value buildings still visible today. From 1 May 1317 for at least a year the city also mint its own coin, the Grosso of 20 dinars and the Denaro piccolo, and there is news of the these currencies movement until the end of 1319.

The Cathedral of San Cerbone, dating back to the middle of the XII century, is the main religious building of the Colline Metallifere, site of the historical diocese heir of Populonia that from Massa Marittima extends up to Piombino and the Elba island. It represents one of the most important monuments of romanesque architecture of the Maremma and Tuscany. The Castle of Monteregio instead, built by the Aldobrandeschi family in the IX century, was the first building of the old town centre of Massa Marittima.

The Balestro del Girifalco is an historic event of high cultural importance which takes place twice a year in piazza Garibaldi, the fourth Sunday of May and the second Sunday of August, and dates back to the period in which Massa was a free municipality: the first testimonies of this practice are of the XIV century. This is a crossbow competition in which twenty-four shooters face each other, eight for each of the ancient terzieri: Cittanuova (white and red), Cittavecchia (black and white) and Borgo (yellow and blue).

Massa Marittima has within its municipal territory a great number of museum complexes, such as the Ancient Carpenter's shop, The Old Mill and the Museum of the Mine. You should also visit the Accesa Archaeological Park. At the lake, in the locality of La Pesta, were found the remains of an ancient Etruscan settlement divided into five districts, each of them consisting of a residential area and a necropolis.


On a hill at about twenty kilometers from the sea, lies the small town of Massa Marittima in a territory whose history is tied to the mines of the Colline Metallifere, exploited since prehistory. Over the centuries the town has always based its economy on the richness of its deposits, until the slow decline of the the mining activity in the Seventies of the last century. Today the memory is preserved at the Museo delle Mine, that provides a faithful reconstruction of the mining environment. Massa Marittima has an artistic and cultural heritage, which had sprung up in a particular way between the XIII and XIV century, period of maximum splendour of the town. The beautiful cathedral dedicated to Saint Cerbone overlooks on piazza Garibaldi, one of the most significant examples of Romanic and Gothic art in Italy. Still to this day large stretches of the city walls are well preserved, like almost all of the numerous doors. Very evocative are the paths, one along the outside of the walls of Cittavecchia, and the other between the gate of San Francesco and the one of the Convento delle Clarisse in Cittanuova. Today Massa looks at the future, but it has not lost memory of its past. To Garibaldi, which it is said to have been helped by some young massetani to reach Cala Martina, is dedicated a monument in the Parco della Rimembranza. And, twice a year, an impressive historical procession with over 150 partecipants crowds the streets, during the folkloric manifestation of the Balestro del Girifalco.

Discover the other villages on the guide Tuscany - Unique Villages to Love

Village of Massa Marittima
The Municipality of Massa Marittima
Province of Grosseto
Tuscany Region

inhabitants: 8.375
Altitude center: 380 m a.s.l.

The Municipality is part of:
 
Città del vino
Città dell'olio
Città slow
Strada del Vino Monteregio di Massa Marittima
Unione Colline Metallifere 

Acknowledgments
Orange Flag - Italian Touring Club

Protected Natural Areas:
Parco interprovinciale di Montioni
Riserva naturale Marsiliana

Municipality
Piazza Garibaldi 8 - Tel. +39 0566 906211

BY CAR

  • From Milan: Take the A1 highway towards Bologna to Parma, continue on the A15 highway, follow the Genova - Livorno direction, take the A12 highway towards Rome to Rosignano Marittimo, take the SS 1 Aurelia towards Rome, exit at Follonica East, continue on the SS 439 to Massa Marittima.
  • From Florence: Take the A1 highway, exit at Firenze certosa, continue on the RA3 highway, exit at Colle di Val d'Elsa Sud, take the SS 73 Senese Aretina, continue on the SS 439 to Massa Marittima.
  • From Rome: Take the A12 motorway towards Civitavecchia, continue on the SS 1 Aurelia towards Grosseto, exit at Scarlino, continue on the SS 439 to Massa Marittima.

ON THE TRAIN

  • Follonica railway station

BY PLANE

  • Pisa airport
  • Florence airport
  • Rome Fiumicino Airport

Sleep, eat, buy...

Events

tuesday
1
september, 2020

The Garland Fair

saturday
10
october, 2020

San Cerbone

friday
4
december, 2020

Feast of Santa Barbara

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