The inhabited center castiglionese developed in Etruscan, already starting from the VI century B.C. crucial crossroads between the two Lucumonie of Arezzo and Cortona city center erigeva on top of the hill, as witnessed the archaeological excavations carried out in the area of the tower the formwork. The Etruscans brought a first reclamation to Val di Chiana, crossing at the time by the river Clanis: this flowed in the opposite sense of the current Channel Master and constituted an important waterway navigable. In the area castiglionese remain testimony to this period many archaeological finds, including the famous deposit of Brolio, found in the nineteenth century in the homonymous hamlet, and consisting of a large amount of bronzes. Joints The Romans, they decided to exploit the fertility of the area for the food requirements of the Urbe. But with the empire of Augustus the panorama changed radically: among the causes of the flooding of the Tiber which occasionally allagavano Rome was considered the Clanis, which was a tributary of the straw, which in turn is a tributary of the river romano. The Romans ostruirono therefore the foce of the Clanis, causing the stagnation of water and the consequent impaludamento of Valdichiana. It is likely that Castulone is expanded in this period, rising on a hill and then being immune from malaria, from which many of the peoples of the inhabited areas of the valley were fled. The inhabited center is recalled by the documents with the name of "Castiglione" not before the X century, when it is a feud of the marquis of Monte Santa Maria. From 1384 the town passed definitively in Florence and from this moment onwards, renamed "Castiglion Fiorentino", will remain under its domain.
Strolling in the countryside of Arezzo and looking upwards, behold the thirteenth century walls of the medieval village of Castiglion Fiorentino. The bubbling of the watercourses accompanies the walk like crystal clear music in the background while, immersed in the wonderful landscape of the fertile Valdichiana and following the road that reaches to the historical center of the town. Around, olive trees and vineyards as far as the eye can see, and where cattle graze of the famous chianina herds. Looking to the east, you’ll lose yourself in the fog of the Preappennini mountains. Overcoming the towers that delimit the historic center, you arrive in the Town Hall square, the heart of the village from which, under the arches of the Loggia Vasari (1513), we can admire the beautiful Val di Chio. Continuing the walk up to the archaeological area of the Cassero, to stopping to rest in the public garden that surrounds the tower. Stretches of walls from the IV century B.C. confirm that this was etruscan area. By climbing to the top of the tower of Cassero, you can enjoy a splendid sight over the village, the Val di Chiana and the Val di Chio. And after you have enriched you spirit by visiting the six churches within the walls and the collections in the Pinacoteca Civica at the church of Sant'Angelo, we sooth and comfort at lunch, ordering in some local restaurant a nice cut of chianina meat, accompanied by a glass of excellent Tuscan wine. In the air there is still the echo of the voice of Roberto Benigni, that in the initial stage of his famous life is beautiful reaches the walls of the country by car, while is mistaken by the castiglionesi for King Vittorio Emanuele III.
Village of Castiglion Fiorentino
Municipality of Castiglion Fiorentino
Province of Arezzo
Population: 13.210 (9.985 in the village)
Altitude centre: 345 m s.l.m.
the Municipality is part of:
Paesi Bandiera Arancione
Città della chianina
Strada del Vino Terre di Arezzo
Piazza del Municipio 12 - Tel. 0575-65641
ON THE TRAIN