The village of Castiglion Fiorentino, in Tuscany, stands on a hill in Valdichiana.
 
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Castiglion Fiorentino

The village of the Cassero
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Village of Castiglion Fiorentino
Municipality of Castiglion Fiorentino
 
Province of Arezzo
Tuscany Region

Population: 13.210 (9.985 in the village)
Altitude centre: 345 m s.l.m.

the Municipality is part of:
Paesi Bandiera Arancione
Castiglioni d'Italia 
Città della chianina
Città dell'olio
Strada del Vino Terre di Arezzo

Municipality of Castiglion Fiorentino
Piazza del Municipio 12 - Castiglion Fiorentino (AR)
Tel. 0575-65641

Castiglion Fiorentino, whose origins date back to the Etruscan and then Roman times, rises on a hill in Valdichiana.Considering its spiral shape, from a distance it is possible to see the towering Torre del Cassero which dominates the historic center.

The inhabited center castiglionese developed in Etruscan, already starting from the VI century B.C. crucial crossroads between the two Lucumonie of Arezzo and Cortona city center erigeva on top of the hill, as witnessed the archaeological excavations carried out in the area of the tower the formwork. The Etruscans brought a first reclamation to Val di Chiana, crossing at the time by the river Clanis: this flowed in the opposite sense of the current Channel Master and constituted an important waterway navigable. In the area castiglionese remain testimony to this period many archaeological finds, including the famous deposit of Brolio, found in the nineteenth century in the homonymous hamlet, and consisting of a large amount of bronzes. Joints The Romans, they decided to exploit the fertility of the area for the food requirements of the Urbe. But with the empire of Augustus the panorama changed radically: among the causes of the flooding of the Tiber which occasionally allagavano Rome was considered the Clanis, which was a tributary of the straw, which in turn is a tributary of the river romano. The Romans ostruirono therefore the foce of the Clanis, causing the stagnation of water and the consequent impaludamento of Valdichiana. It is likely that Castulone is expanded in this period, rising on a hill and then being immune from malaria, from which many of the peoples of the inhabited areas of the valley were fled. The inhabited center is recalled by the documents with the name of "Castiglione" not before the X century, when it is a feud of the marquis of Monte Santa Maria. From 1384 the town passed definitively in Florence and from this moment onwards, renamed "Castiglion Fiorentino", will remain under its domain.

Certainly deserve a visit le Logge del Vasari, the Castle of Montecchio Vesponi, the Pieve di San Giuliano and its Collegiate Church and the Sanctuary of the Madonna of the bath.

Video by Roberto Peruzzi

Other destinations nearby

Lucignano
Lucignano
Lucignano is a small village in the Val di Chiana, in Tuscany.
Arezzo - 16.19 KM from Castiglion Fiorentino
Citerna
Citerna
The village of Citerna is located in Umbria.
Perugia - 23.36 KM from Castiglion Fiorentino
Anghiari
Anghiari
Anghiari, is part of the most beautiful villages in Italy, and is located in the Tuscan Valtiberina.
Arezzo - 24.38 KM from Castiglion Fiorentino
Castiglione del Lago
Castiglione del Lago
Three, the number of perfection, is Castiglione's magic figure. Triangular is the tower of the medieval fortress, three are the doors to the village, three squares and three roads.
Perugia - 25.95 KM from Castiglion Fiorentino
Trequanda
Trequanda
The village of Trequanda, in Tuscany, is situated on the border between the Val d'Orcia and the Crete Senesi.
Siena - 26.83 KM from Castiglion Fiorentino
Montefollonico
Montefollonico
On the top of a hill, between the Val di Chiana and the Val d'Orcia, there is the evocative stone village of Montefollonico.
Siena - 27.85 KM from Castiglion Fiorentino

NOTE: distances are set as the crow flies.

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