Since the third millennium B.C., this area has attracted several tribes that were linked to the original "homo alpinus" (Alpine race) thanks to its fertility and altitude. For several centuries, the areas on the slopes were more suitable for farming than the valley floor, which was rich in swamps. Probably the name comes from the Celtic "tli", with the meaning of "raised land", hence the name of the Valtellina.
Teglio became "Castrum" in the first century, as soon as the Valtellina became part of the Roman Empire. The Valeriana Sebina road passed through Teglio, a Roman consular road that connected Trivilium (Treviglio), which was located in the middle of the Padana Plain with Turianum (Tirano), in Valtellina.
After the fall of the Roman Empire, Teglio and the Valtellina passed under the dominion of several populations, from the Ostrogoths, to the Longobards and finally to the Saxons, until 962 when King Otto I ceded Teglio to the Archbishop of Milan. Later the whole Valtellina became a territory fought between Milan and Como. In 1262 Teglio was invaded by the Milanese and in 1335 the whole Valtellina became part of the Duchy of Milan, but in 1432 Teglio was destroyed by the fights because it was philovenetian.
From 1500 Valtellina passed under French dominion until the invasion of Grisons in 1512, which spread Protestantism, causing fierce clashes with the Catholics that flew into the Sacro Macello di Valtellina occurred in the night between 18th and 19th July 1620, during which a group of Catholic fanatics killed about 600 Protestants in Valtellina while in Teglio the church of Sant'Orsola was set on fire and destroyed. In 1797 Napoleon conquered the Valtellina annexing it to the Cisalpine Republic.
FOOD AND WINE
The land is ideal for the growth of traditional crops such as vine, rye and buckwheat, the main ingredient of the most famous dish of Valtellina cuisine: pizzoccheri. Their original recipe is kept and protected by the Accademia del Pizzocchero which has its headquarters in Teglio. Attention to nature and good food make Teglio a certified Slow City, in the international network of Good Living Cities.
WHAT TO DO
The area of the village offers various possibilities for those who love being outdoors and playing sports, from simple walks to the more tiring trekking. By Mountain Bike, but also horse riding, you can follow the dense network of ancient dirt roads and paths with different slopes, while in canoe or raft you can taste the thrill of the descent along the river Adda. Even snow lovers can have fun, thanks to the installations of Prato Valentino that has on average easy and fun ski slopes and pat hsfor snowshoes along 5 km.
Village of Teglio
Municipality of Teglio
Province of Sondrio
Inhabitants: 4.534 (Istat 01/01/2018)
Center altitude: 851 m a.s.l.
The municipality is part of:
St. Euphemia - September 16th
Municipality of Teglio
Piazza Santa Eufemia, 7 - Teglio
ON THE TRAIN