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Vallo di Nera


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Located in a particularly fascinating region of Valnerina, the village partly preserves the Romanesque religious and civil buildings of the early Middle Ages. The urban layout is characterized by flat ring roads and very steep radial ramps. The high tower that stands on the side of the village multiplies in the palombare towers, which constitute a peculiar element of the Valnerina landscape.
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Vallo di Nera  | Stefano_Valeri/shutterstock
Vallo di Nera
Stefano_Valeri/shutterstock
Vallo di Nera  |
Vallo di Nera
Vallo di Nera  |
Vallo di Nera
Vallo di Nera  |
Vallo di Nera
Church of Santa Maria  |
Church of Santa Maria
Vallo di Nera  | ValerioMei/shutterstock
Vallo di Nera
ValerioMei/shutterstock
Vallo di Nera  | Walter Malagoli
Vallo di Nera
Walter Malagoli
Vallo di Nera  | Walter Malagoli
Vallo di Nera
Walter Malagoli
Vallo di Nera  | Walter Malagoli
Vallo di Nera
Walter Malagoli
Vallo di Nera  | Walter Malagoli
Vallo di Nera
Walter Malagoli
Vallo di Nera  | Walter Malagoli
Vallo di Nera
Walter Malagoli
Vallo di Nera  | Walter Malagoli
Vallo di Nera
Walter Malagoli
A look at Vallo di Nera
A look at Vallo di Nera

About the village

Archaeological evidence corroborates the thesis of the existence of remote settlements related to the indigenous peoples of this valley already in the VIII century B.C. In the period between the IV and the II century B.C. began the historical era of Valdinarco and subsequent Romanisation, witnessed by archaeological findings. Since 1177 Vallo di Nera became a feud of the Germanic duke of Spoleto Corrado of Hursligen and, in 1217, Jacopo Capocci formally granted to the inhabitants of Vallo di Nera possession of Colle di Flezano and the right of erigervi a castle in exchange for protection and defense on the part of Spoleto.

But Vallo di Nera, for its characteristic of important strategic point of control of the road, was fiercely contested between the status of the Church and Spoleto, in the XIII century, managed to conquer it. Nature and culture find an authentic symbiosis to Vallo di Nera, expressed in the ancient name of the place Castrum Vallis, where Vallum could be traced back both to the fortified place along the valley, as far as the longobardo Wald forest.

Thus still appears today Vallo di Nera a stone castle in the midst of the green woods which surround it. The urban plant placed on top of a hill is very compact and is characterized by roads to ring in the plane and by radial ramps very steep.
The high tower which stands on the side of the country it multiplies in palombare towers, which constitute a peculiar feature of the landscape of the Valnerina. These towers, originally built with functions of defense, have subsequently played an important role in the agricultural economy of the area, in so far as they allowed a vertical organization of functions: down the stable, above the dwelling, higher up the barns and, on top, La colombaia which provided fertiliser for the fields and meat for the inhabitants.

Outside the walls lies the village "I casali" softened from the workshops of the sixteenth-century along the roads which connected Vallo di Nera with the neighboring communes. The territory of high quality landscape and artistic comprises castles and villas of Meggiano, Piedipaterno, Geppa, paternal Monte Fiorello, Piedilacosta, La Pieve, Campore, Borbonea, Roccagelli.

Vallo di Nera is entirely surrounded by walls and towers and preserves intact its medieval urban structure, with narrow alleys surmounted by arcs. You recall the Franciscan church of Santa Maria, which contains frescoes (also in the sacristy) of the Giotto school including the famous "White Procession" painted by Cola di Pietro da Camerino in 1401, the parish church of San Giovanni Battista with frescoes by Jacopo Siculo and that of Santa Caterina annexd to the former convent of the Franciscan tertiary with remains of frescoes.

The pastors of Vallo di Nera are the ancient and famous, depositaries of the oral tradition of the Valnerina made of nursery rhymes, work songs, stories hyperbolic, that deserve to be heard by those who want to discover the secrets of the Valnerina. The House of Stories was born as a center of research and documentation with the purpose to make known this intangible heritage. Among the products of Vallo di Nera cheese deserves a special place. Every year takes place in June Fior di Cacio, gastronomic event where you can taste all the variety of cheeses of Vallo di Nera and of the Valnerina. Other delights of the area are: trout, truffles, honey and cold meats.

Village of Vallo di Nera
The Municipality of Vallo di Nera
Province of Perugia
Umbria region

inhabitants: 364
Pop. resident foreign: 41

The Municipality is part of:
I Borghi più belli d'Italia
Città per la pace

Acknowledgments
Orange Flag - Italian Touring Club

Municipality of Vallo di Nera
Piazza G. Marconi 8 - 06040 Vallo di Nera - PG
phone +39 0743 616143

 

BY CAR

  • From Rome-Terni: reach Terni via the A1 highway; follow signs for the Marmore Falls; SS 209 towards Norcia
  • From Rome-Rieti: drive along the Salaria towards Ascoli Piceno; follow signs for Norcia; continue along the SS 209 towards Terni
  • From Perugia-Spoleto: reach Spoleto via the SS Flaminia; walk the gallery of Eggi; continue towards Norcia
  • From Ascoli Piceno - San Benedetto del Tronto: take the Salaria towards Rieti; follow signs for Norcia; continue along the SS 209 towards Terni

BY PLANE

  • Perugia airport
  • Rome Fiumicino Airport

Sleep, eat, buy...

Locanda Cacio Re
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101.40 Kilometers from Vallo di Nera

Events

wednesday
20
january, 2021

San Sebastiano

From the blog

Among the Umbrian tables, on Easter morning, there is a traditional cheese cake. A savory panettone which, depending on the area, may undergo variations while maintaining its constants: cheese, pecorino cheese, salt and pepper. As per tradition, this soft rustic is accompanied by the flavors of the capocollo, boiled eggs and wine and in ancient times it was customary to prepare it during Holy Week and then take it to church, to be blessed, on Easter day.Let's see how it is prepared.
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A long parchment dated 23 September 1217 and signed by Jacopo by Messer Giovanni Capocci, Podestà di Spoleto, attests the birth of the castle of Vallo di Nera and the concession to the men of Vallo of the right to live on the hill of Flezano, formerly occupied by a fortress of the Duke Corrado d'Urslingen. So Vallo di Nera populated and  the ancient Castrum Valli, built in the heart of Valnerina. In a few days the ancient village will celebrate 800 years, and i...
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