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Montescaglioso


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Montescaglioso is located in the historical and natural archaeological area of the Park of the Rock Churches of Materano, since 1993 a World Heritage Site together with the Sassi of Matera. An important historical and cultural center, the importance of this village revolves around the Benedictine Abbey of San Michele Arcangelo (1079), the most considerable of the four monastic complexes that have earned the village the nickname "City of Monasteries".
  • Village with park
  • Village with walls
  • Village with castle
  • Oil city
Montescaglioso  |
Montescaglioso
Montescaglioso  |
Montescaglioso
Montescaglioso  | Paki Cassano
Montescaglioso
Paki Cassano
Montescaglioso  | Mi.Ti./shutterstock
Montescaglioso
Mi.Ti./shutterstock
Natural Park of the Murgia and Rupestrian churches  | MORENO01/shutterstock
Natural Park of the Murgia and Rupestrian churches
MORENO01/shutterstock
The castle  | Mi.Ti./shutterstock
The castle
Mi.Ti./shutterstock
Montescaglioso  | Mi.Ti./shutterstock
Montescaglioso
Mi.Ti./shutterstock
Church of Madonna delle Grazie  | Mi.Ti./shutterstock
Church of Madonna delle Grazie
Mi.Ti./shutterstock
Montescaglioso  | Apt Basilicata
Montescaglioso
Apt Basilicata
Montescaglioso  | Apt Basilicata
Montescaglioso
Apt Basilicata
Montescaglioso  | Apt Basilicata
Montescaglioso
Apt Basilicata
Montescaglioso  | Fabio Boccuzzi/shutterstock
Montescaglioso
Fabio Boccuzzi/shutterstock
Montescaglioso  | Apt Basilicata
Montescaglioso
Apt Basilicata
Montescaglioso  | Fabio Boccuzzi/shutterstock
Montescaglioso
Fabio Boccuzzi/shutterstock
Montescaglioso  | Mi.Ti./shutterstock
Montescaglioso
Mi.Ti./shutterstock
A look at Montescaglioso
A look at Montescaglioso

About the village

Montescaglioso is an important historic and cultural known as the City of Monasteries for the presence of four monastic ensembles, among which stands out the Abbey of San Michele Arcangelo.

Certainly deserve a visit the Mother Church, the Norman Castle and the Sanctuary of the Madonna of the Murgia, the most important church of the rocky heritage of Montescaglioso.

Tradition and taste characterize the cuisine of Montescaglioso, one of the "city of oil" lucane.
It is no coincidence that on the table montese never lacks the extra virgin olive oil DOP lucano, extracted mostly from the pressing of the olive Maiatica Ferrandina, which makes it soft and fruity flavor, used in most typical dishes.
Excellent also the production of products in oil such as tomatoes, aubergines and artichokes.

The rich menu includes the typical homemade pasta, in which orecchiette and cavatelli dominate, beyond sheepmeat and goatmeat grilled, and then the so-called "Cialledda", a soup based on bread, onions, olive oil, pecorino cheese and pepper. All of this, obviously, watered by excellent local wine, especially on the occasion of the enogastronomic "In Vino Veritas".

History

The first settlements in the territory of Montescaglioso date back to the VII century B.C. the entire area, closely linked to the city magnogreca Metaponto (founded by Greek settlers to half of the VII century B.C. in the vicinity of the mouth of the Bradano river), lives of intense exchanges and contacts with the Greek centers of the Ionic coast.

With the decadence of Metaponto in roman times and the progressive silting up of the port of the Greek city, Montescaglioso assumed an increasingly important role in the surrounding territory. It is likely that part of the population of Metaponto, forced to abandon the city and to disperse in the neighboring towns after siding with Hannibal in 207 BC, during the second Punic war, is transferred at Montescaglioso.
The Roman phase of the city belongs a mosaic that attests to the presence in Montescaglioso a republican judiciary and a large public building. A telamone in tuff coming from another public palace of Montescaglioso is conserved in the Museo nazionale della Magna Grecia di Reggio Calabria.

Become a Byzantine stronghold, after 1000 it was conquered by the Normans and welcomed an important Benedictine community with the Norman count Rodolfo Maccabeo. Following Frederick II assigned to Manfredi.
Under the Angevins and the Aragonese fief of various lords: del Balzo, d'Avalos, Orsini, Loffredo, Grillo and Cattaneo.

Since the beginning of the twentieth century the town experienced the presence of the Italian Socialist Party, respecting in this sense the tendency lucana that in the early years of the Twentieth Century saw take root ideals linked to the proletariat internationalism of Marxist.
In spite of the fascist regime, and despite the country stay with the lookout of the Navy, the activities of parties antifascists has always been active and this is evidenced by the fact that the announcement of the arrest of Benito Mussolini, which occurred on 25 July 1943, following the approval by the great council of fascism of the motion of censure proposed by Dino Grandi, the population of the country reacted with violent demonstrations against the podestà Francesco Locantore until, on 19 September, to his killing, although there were in the country the Canadian troops arrived that same day.

Immediately after the fall of the regime the political activity of the country shooting with force and returned to be felt those discontent present always in the minds of citizens, linked to usurpations of state owned lands and to the presence of the large landed estates with its relations of production based on abuse.


The Night of Cucibocca (January 5)
An ancient tradition that marks the end of the holidays and the christmas libations. A sort of initiation to teach children to overcome fear. The mysterious Cucibocca roam between the alleys of the town wearing a dark skirt and a "cappellaccio", the face unrecognizable behind a flowing beard of hemp. At the foot have a broken chain and in his hand a big needle with which threaten to sew the mouth to children, that curious about the approach. Better not cry.

The Carnival of Montese (4,11 and 13 February)
a parade of masks connected to ancient popular rites. The allegorical floats, made by young cartapestai montesi custodians of a secular tradition, animate the streets of the village. At midnight on Shrove Tuesday, when burned the puppet representing Carnevalone, you hear the forty chiming of Mother Church. The day after, hanging from a rope, the seven figures of Lent appear in the narrow streets of the village, to remember the Lenten obligations of good Christian: fasting, abstinence and penance.

The Carnevalone (13 February)
at the first lights of the dawn of the Shrove Tuesday begins the parade of traditional Carnevalone, a very ancient rite that has its roots in the agricultural-pastoral culture. The first to appear is 'u Fus, the Parca. Launches in road, by making it rotate in the earth, its melt of wood hooked to a rope, symbol of destiny: Do not be hit. Quaremma, wife of Carnevalone, is dressed in black as its six daughters, each of which represents one of the weeks of Lent. In Quaremma arm Carnevalicchio port, a puppet dressed in white, symbol of Easter. Closes the procession the old and tired Carnevalone that, in the back of a donkey, passes through the streets of the village, aware of his imminent death.

Village of Montescaglioso
Municipality of Montescaglioso

Province of Matera
Basilicata Region

Population: 9.940 
Altitude centre: 352 m s.l.m.

the Municipality is part of:
Città dei sapori
Città dell'olio

Protected Natural Areas:
Park of the Rupestrian Churches of Matera

Municipality of Montescaglioso
Via Cosimo Venezia 1 - Montescaglioso (MT)
Tel. +39 0835 2091

BY CAR

  • Traveling on the highway, the closest exits to the center of Montescaglioso are:
    - Taranto Nord exit (A14 Bologna-Taranto)
    - Exit Mottola - Castellaneta (A14 Bologna-Taranto)

ON THE TRAIN

  • Gioia del Colle station
  • Acquaviva station of the sources

BY PLANE

  • Bari airport

Sleep, eat, buy...

Pasticceria Ragone Dal 1963
Via Roma, 260 - 75028 , Tursi (Matera)
38.85 Kilometers from Montescaglioso
Lido Sporting Beach
Largo Enotria Lungomare di - 75025, Policoro (Matera)
38.89 Kilometers from Montescaglioso

Events

tuesday
5
january, 2021

tuesday
16
february, 2021

Carnevalone

friday
19
march, 2021

monday
5
april, 2021

from
wednesday
18
august, 2021
to friday 20 august 2021

sunday
5
september, 2021

From the blog

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