The village of Agnone (Agnèune in local dialect) is located in Molise. Ancient Sannite City, is home to the world's oldest bell-making factory, founded around the year 1000, and among the few who can be honored to use the pontifical coat of arms for their products. The hamlet would rise on the ruins of the Sannitic city Aquilonia, destroyed by the Romans during the Sannio conquest. An important center during the Longobard domination, then declined in the centuries immediately before the 1000, while the Verrino Valley and surrounding hills became the site of hermits, small monasteries and small colonies. In 1139 the powerful family of Borrello, Conti di Pietrabbondante and captain of ventura of Venice, brought to the place a considerable number of Venetian soldiers and artisans, probably from the Dalmatian colonies of the Serenissima. The venetian Venetian foundation of the village rises on the hill in front of Monte Caraceno due to the clear signs of Venetian culture observable in the original neighborhood, the one of Ripa, traditionally known as Borgo Veneziano. The importance of Agnone grew in the Angevin period and also in the Aragonese period, to the point that during the Bourbon Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, the city was among the 56 kingly cities directly dependent on the King, free from any other feudal, equipped with a high court, with the right to capital punishment. During the reign of Joachim Murat, the majority of the locals asked for a move to Molise, claiming the geographical difficulty of the Abruzzi links and hoping to take on a role in the new, small region (1811). The first disappointment got the Agnonesi immediately after this passage, for the three districts in which the Molise was divided had Larino, Campobasso and Isernia centers and capitals, excluding Agnone from any role of administrative dominance. In addition, Italy united, by reuniting Abruzzo and Molise in one region, actually overcome this problem. Flourishing by the breadth of the agro and by the number and volume of crafts, Agnone could develop, in the course of the 1800s, a large number of educated minds: doctors, philosophers, jurists, theologians, from which the honorary name of Athens Sannio. However, the price revolution linked to the first development of the Italian industry at the end of the nineteenth century did impede this balance, paving the way for the emigration phenomenon.
It is worth visiting the International Bell Museum and the Church of Saint Francis. No less interesting is the civil architecture of the village: the old town is of a clear Venetian style, in fact, venturing along the narrow streets of the ancient village you encounter frequently in the Venetian workshops and small stone statues depicting, Venetian lions. The Ancient Bottega Orafa, located in Corso Garibaldi, testifies to an ancient migration of lagoon artisans towards Agnone, which had happened centuries ago by the Borrello family. Interesting is the main square in the historic center, Plebiscito Square, formerly called Tomolo Square where, at the end of the nineteenth century, the Monument was inaugurated to the illustrious Libero Serafini citizen. Also in this square there are seven streets that start from as many other areas of the ancient village, which houses a characteristic marble fountain dating back to 1881 (the year of the construction of the first urban aqueduct of Agnese).
Another excellence of the hamlet of Agnone is the Confetto Riccio, whose origins are very ancient. The first official testimony dates back to 1839. It is a bigger than normal garment with a rugged, tender and friable surface. It is consumed fresh and can be stored under vacuum. The raw materials are: sugar, Avola almond, arabic gum and natural aromas. The almond is sprinkled with arabic gum to favor the covering with the sugar. In the "bassina" (large copper cauldron), as it rotates, sugar syrup is poured, crystallizing the almond and crystallizing it with the characteristic wrinkled form.
Municipality of Agnone
Province of Isernia
Center Altitude: 840 m s.l.m
The municipality is part of:
Città del tartufo
Paesi Bandiera Arancione
Orange Flag - Italian Touring Club
Protected natural areas:
Abetina di Rosello guided natural reserve
Via G. Verdi 9 - Tel. 0865-7231
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