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Pitigliano


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A splendid village located in the Tufo Area, Pitigliano is nicknamed "The Little Jerusalem", since starting from the 16th century it hosted a large Jewish community within its walls. One of the most fascinating historic villages, it stands imposingly on the valleys of the Lente, Meleta and Prochio streams, offering a wonderful view of the wild and unspoiled nature of this area of the Tuscan Maremma.
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Pitigliano  | Mazzieri Enrico
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Pitigliano  | Toscana Promozione Turistica
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Toscana Promozione Turistica
Pitigliano  | Toscana Promozione Turistica
Pitigliano
Toscana Promozione Turistica
Pitigliano in its night dress with a beautiful half moon to illuminate it.  | Massimiliano D. Cirelli - e-borghi Community
Pitigliano in its night dress with a beautiful ...
Massimiliano D. Cirelli - e-borghi Community
Pitigliano, Tuscany, is nicknamed 'Little Jerusalem' for its once thriving Jewish Ghetto. It is also famous for its network of caves excavated throughout the soft tufo rock on which the town is built, with some dating back to the Etruscans.    | Rebecca Hughes - e-borghi Community
Pitigliano, Tuscany, is nicknamed 'Little Jerus...
Rebecca Hughes - e-borghi Community
An ancient settlement of Etruscan origin, embedded in a beautiful scenery of cliffs, small valleys and cave streets.
A synagogue is a testimony to the presence of a thriving Jewish community, which earned it the title of
An ancient settlement of Etruscan origin, embed...
Fabio Polimadei - e-borghi Community
#lucideiborghi
Pitigliano at the sunset.. It's like a crib.   | Cristina Santoro  - e-borghi Community
#lucideiborghi Pitigliano at the sunset.. It's...
Cristina Santoro - e-borghi Community
Pitigliano in Province of Grosseto, characteristic for its deep wineries and the Cave streets excavated in the tuff.  | Umberto Paganini Paganelli - e-borghi Community
Pitigliano in Province of Grosseto, characteris...
Umberto Paganini Paganelli - e-borghi Community

Events

sunday
16
august, 2020

Celebrations in honor of St. Rocco, patron of the village

from
tuesday
1
september, 2020
to tuesday 15 september 2020

Celebrations in honor of Santa Maria delle Grazie

tuesday
29
september, 2020

Annual Fair

friday
19
march, 2021

St Joseph's Torch

About the village

The characteristic village of Pitigliano is known as Little Jerusalem, for the historical presence of a Jewish community, always well integrated in a social context that here had their synagogue.

The territory extends in the western part of the area del Tufo. Arriving at Pitigliano from sea, climbing the regional road 74 Maremmana, you notice the characteristic houses that protrude from a great tuff spur, absolutely overhanging. The cliff of Pitigliano is surrounded on three sides by the same number of gullies, full of caves dug into the tufa; in the valley bottom slide watercourses Lens Meleta, and Prochio.

Pitigliano was already a place frequented and inhabited since Etruscan times, when here were founded numerous settlements excavated in the tufa and attested to by the late Bronze Age (XII-XI century a.C.). Even in the place where now stands the town was located an Etruscan center, witnessed by the remains of the walls that were discovered in the district of Capisotto and then disappeared between the end of the VI and the beginning of the V century b.c. The first news of Pitigliano appears in a bubble sent from Pope Nicholas II to the provost of the cathedral of Sovana in 1061, where it is already indicated as the place of jurisdiction of the family of the counts of Aldobrandeschi. In 1293 Anastasia, daughter of Countess Margherita Aldobrandeschi, married Romano Orsini bringing a dowry in the county of Sovana and the county seat was transferred to Pitigliano. The Orsini ruled the county of Pitigliano for centuries, difendendole by continuous attempts of submission by Siena and Orvieto before and the Medici Florence then.

As a testimony to the importance of the jewish community pitiglianese remain district of the old ghetto with its beautiful synagogue and the interesting cemetery on the highway to Manciano. The Synagogue of Pitigliano, sixteenth-century synagogue, inside which stand out the Aron on the bottom wall and the Tevà at the center; on the walls are preserved inscriptions of biblical verses while at the top you will find the women's gallery reserved for women. Under the Jewish Temple are the premises for the ritual bath, the suggestive oven of the unleavened breads, kosher butcher, the kosher wine cellar and the dyeing. The formation of the community dates back to the XVI century, but in the Nineteenth Century its decline begins. As a testimony to the importance of the jewish community pitiglianese remain district of the old ghetto with its beautiful synagogue and the interesting cemetery on the highway to Manciano. It is located beyond the torrent Meleta that delimits the south part of the village, built in the second half of the sixteenth century when the Orsini gave that land to their family doctor of the Jewish religion for the burial of his wife. In the vicinity of the Jewish cemetery extends the archaeological museum in the open Alberto Manzi.

Palazzo Orsini, an imposing fortified palace, built as a fortress by the Aldobrandeschi (XI-XII century) and then seat of the county of the Orsini, has been restructured consistently in the XVI century at the behest of Niccolò Orsini, on the project of the engineer Antonio da Sangallo the Younger. The complex houses the Diocesan Museum of Palazzo Orsini, rich in works of art that cover a period of time from the Middle Ages to the modern age, and the Civic Archaeological Museum, where are kept various finds coming from the nearby archaeological areas.

The Torciata di San Giuseppe is a traditional pitiglianese feast, which takes place every 19 march to celebrate the arrival of spring. The event consists of a historical parade in costume that parade through the streets of the historical center before you arrive in piazza Garibaldi, where we are seeing the spectacle of flag-wavers and, once the sunset, the fire by torciatori of a stack of faggots on which was placed a snowman of reeds, called "invernacciu", that is to symbolize the winter. Consumed the bonfire, the ashes are collected by women and preserved in homes as a sign of good luck.

The area in which rises Pitigliano is the production zone of the White wine of Pitigliano and red wine of Sovana, each of which has some variations on the basis of the production disciplinary.


People who drive along the S.S. 74 Maremmana in direction of the sanctuary of the Madonna delle Grazie, cannot go without stop, enchanted and almost incredulous for the spectacle that is located ahead: the village of Pitigliano, suspended on its tufa cliff between green valleys. It is a magic vision, a lighting. The town of Pitigliano, totally built in tufa, is inserted into the landscape with such a compactness that it is almost impossible to separate the work of man from that of nature.
Here men over the centuries have preferred to dig more than to build. Thanks to the ease of working the volcanic rock, here was born a "civilization of tufa" of which have left impression the Etruscans, the people of the netherworld, and Jews, the people of the law. Digging tenaciously down to the bowels of the ground, the Etruscans built tombs, hypogea, tunnels and the mysterious "vie cave": their world was of dungeons, as if only entering into heart of the earth, by cutting the rock, could grasp its profound spirituality, to defeat the fear of death and go back to the light of the sun. Also the Jews who lived at Pitigliano for five hundred years, placed in caves the environments of their worship. Still today the spectacular town of Pitigliano hides under himself another underground city, made of rupestrian speakers, galleries and tunnels for water drainage, columbaria with the recesses for pigeons, stables, cellars and ancient rupestrian houses transformed into warehouses. In these environments are still vats, barrels, presses, crushers.

Discover the other villages on the guide Tuscany - Unique Villages to Love

Village of Pitigliano
The Municipality of Pitigliano
 
Province of Grosseto
Tuscany Region

inhabitants: 3.818
Altitude center: 313 m a.s.l.

The Municipality is part of:
 
I Borghi più belli d'Italia
Città del vino
Città dell'olio
Paesi bandiera arancione
Strada del Vino e dei Sapori Colli di Maremma
Unione Comuni Montani Colline del Fiora

Municipality
Piazza Garibaldi 37 - Tel. +39 0564 616322

BY CAR

  • From the North: Take the A1 motorway towards Rome, exit at Orvieto, continue on the SS 71, cross Bolsena, take the SS 2 Cassia and then continue on the SS 74 following signs for Pitigliano.
  • From the South: Take the Grande Raccordo Anulare following the direction for Florence, in Rome take the A1 Autostrada del Sole, exit at Orte and follow the direction for Viterbo, in Siena take the SS 2 and then continue on the SS 74 to Pitigliano.
  • From Grosseto: Take the SS 1 Aurelia towards Rome, cross Albinia and continue on the SS 74 to Pitigliano.
  • From Rome: Take the Roma - Civitavecchia highway, take the coastal highway towards Grosseto - Livorno, exit at Albinia, follow signs for Manciano and then for Pitigliano.
  • From Genoa: Take the whole A12 highway, take the expressway towards Rome, exit at Albinia, continue on the SS 74 to Pitigliano.

ON THE TRAIN

  • Albinia railway station

BY PLANE

  • Rome Fiumicino Airport
  • Florence airport
  • Pisa airport

Sleep, eat, buy...

La Vecchia Dispensa
Ettore Ponticelli offers in his small shop first-pressing oil of excellent quality.
Via Italia in Montemerano, 31, Manciano (Grosseto)
14.68 Kilometers from Pitigliano

Pitigliano is present in issue 4 of our digital magazine e-borghi travel.
Read it now!

From the blog

ALSO FOR VEGANS For this week’s recipe from the Traditional Cooking section we would like to let you know about a typical pastry from Pitigliano, in the province of Grosseto, which has a very particular name and history: we are talking about the Sfratto dei Goym. This typical pastry is called after an event that dates back to around 1600 when the messenger of Pitigliano, under Cosimo II de’ Medici&...
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