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Gromo


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The medieval village of Gromo stands on a rocky promontory located in the Bergamo Prealps. With its forges, it was one of the most important centers of iron working and the production of weapons, shields and armor, so much so as to be called the "little Toledo".
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Gromo  | Vincenzo Piramide
Gromo
Vincenzo Piramide
Gromo  | Vincenzo Piramide
Gromo
Vincenzo Piramide
Gromo  | makalex69/shutterstock
Gromo
makalex69/shutterstock
Gromo  | makalex69/shutterstock
Gromo
makalex69/shutterstock
Gromo  | Vincenzo Piramide
Gromo
Vincenzo Piramide
Gromo  | makalex69/shutterstock
Gromo
makalex69/shutterstock
Gromo  | hal pand/shutterstock
Gromo
hal pand/shutterstock
Gromo  | makalex69/shutterstock
Gromo
makalex69/shutterstock
Gromo  | Vincenzo Piramide
Gromo
Vincenzo Piramide
Gromo  | Vincenzo Piramide
Gromo
Vincenzo Piramide
A look at Gromo
A look at Gromo

Events

from
tuesday
21
july, 2020
to wednesday 22 july 2020

San Giacomo

About the village

Gromo Gróm (in dialect bergamasco) is located in the southern Alps indicated with the term the Bergamo Prealps. Located on the right of the river Serio, in Val Seriana is characterized for its houses with roofs of black slate pióde (in dialect Bergamo). During the Middle Ages was nicknamed "the small Toledo", being equipped with numerous forges, that made it a very important center for the working of iron and the consequent realization of sidearms, halberds, shields and armours. The toponym of the village of Gromo derives from the latin Grumus, that means hill.

The ancient silver mines on the territory of Gromo and Ardesio are documented by notarial acts subsequent to 1026 year in which the bishop of Bergamo Ambrogio II, will resume the rights on the territories of the Val Seriana after the transaction with the Monastery of St Martin of Tours that he had received from Carlo Magno in 774, but that some noble families of Bergamo had occupied. Difficult to locate the exact position of the silver mines on Monte dry in Ardesio, while those of Gromo were found in the locality of Coren stapled that despite being a mine closed is still visible. The silver mined in the Alta Val Seriana will be the main supply of the mint of Bergamo for the issuance of the parchment which remains documentation until 1302.

Damnatio ad metalla, so called Pliny the Elder (23-79 d.C.) in his Naturalis Historia Christians condemned by the Romans to cavar metals in the mines of the Alta Val Seriana. This and some tracks in weapons, Cocci, testify to the presence of inhabitants on the territory since the Roman era, as well as a refuge for the first Italic people from the barbarian invasions. In 774 the king of the Franks, Carlo Magno, donated the territories of the Alta Val Seriana to the monastery of St Martin of Tours and that of Saint Denis De Paris. Later in 1026 the Episcopate of Bergamo with the Bishop Ambrose II if ne riappropriò in exchange for other farms, reserving the right to revenues of the extraction and processing of silver and iron certainly present in the valley, at the beginning of a period of serious disputes between the secular power, represented by the feudatory, and ecclesiastical power, represented by the Bishop. Also the first written documents which attests the existence of the village date back to that period: appear for the first time the expressions "vallis Ardexie seu clots" or "curia Ardesii er Grummi", precisely to indicate Ardesio and Gromo, those that will become the rural communes. Gromo became an autonomous municipality as rural vicinia in the first part of the XIII century, was in fact drafted the first statute on 30 March 1238, in the garden of the church of the Saints Giacomo and Vincenzo di Betuno of Gromo, from 12 Accounting and 4 notaries who entrust themselves to the podestà Nantelmo from cream. There followed a period of economic prosperity, with consequent significant architectural development: the Castle of the XIII century, was added the fifteenth-century Palazzo, now property of the town, the Church of S. Gregory and the square as well as it can still be seen today. In 1428 the Republic of Venice expanded its domain also to the town of Bergamo and its contadi, and did not escape certain to the latter the economic potential that offered the Alta Val Seriana, and even the quality of sidearms produced by gunsmiths of Gromo. This favored new trading relationships beyond the Lombard territory, thus becoming the country known as "the small Toledo". But during the XVII century the socio economic of the country changed profoundly. On 1 November 1666 a disaster struck the country: a disastrous landslide detached from monte overlying, fell in the torrent Goglio, destroying the 27 forges for the working of iron, causing the death of 67 inhabitants, their homes and thus placing dramatically and systematically to an end the period of wealth and prosperity.

Certainly deserve a visit the Castle Ginami, Palazzo Milesi, the Church of San Giacomo and the Torre del Lavanderio.

Immersive and suggestive is the procession that takes place on the evening of Good Friday along the ancient streets of the country. A nocturnal processione composed of hundreds of believers with the lumens turned on that, starting from the Parish Church, playing sadly a funeral march, accompanying the statue of the Dead Christ, work created by the Fantoni, until the square while in the meadows and on the slopes of the mountains, small fires made of rags soaked in oil and grease represent the vicissitudes of the Gospel on Mount Calvary In that day you use eat the maiassa, a special cake, made of yellow flour, onions, apples and figs, seasoned with oil and then baked in the oven.

Village of Gromo
The Municipality of Gromo
 
Province of Bergamo
Lombardy Region

inhabitants: 1.213
Altitude center: 676 m a.s.l.

The Municipality is part of:
 
I Borghi più belli d'Italia
Paesi bandiera arancione
Comunità montana Valle Seriana

Municipality of Gromo
Piazza Dante 8 - Gromo (BG)
Tel. +39 0346 41128

BY CAR

  • From Milan: From the A51 highway, follow the Tangenziale Est direction, continue on the A4 highway until the Seriate exit, continue on the SS 42 and follow the indications for Albano, take the SS 671, pass the towns of Ponte Nossa and Parre, continue on the SP 49 and follow the indications for Gromo.
  • From Bologna: From the A14 highway continue on the A1 Autostrada del Sole, near Milan take the A51 highway, continue on the A4 highway, exit at Seriate, continue on the SS 42 and follow the indications for Albano, take the SS 671 , pass the towns of Ponte Nossa and Parre, continue on the SP 49 and follow the indications for Gromo.
  • From Genoa: From the A7 highway, follow the signs for Milan, near Milan continue on the A50 and follow the direction for the A51 highway, continue following the direction for the A4 highway, from the A4 take the exit towards Seriate, take the SS 42 and follow the signs for Albano, take the SS 671, pass the towns of Ponte Nossa and Parre, continue on the SP 49 and follow the signs for Gromo.
  • From La Spezia: From the Cisa A15 motorway, follow the direction of Milan, continue on the A1 Autostrada del Sole, near Milan continue on the A50, continue on the A4 motorway until the Seriate exit, take the SS 42 and follow the indications for Albano, take the SS 671, pass the towns of Ponte Nossa and Parre, continue on the SP 49 and follow the indications for Gromo.
  • From Bergamo: Take the SS 671, pass the towns of Nembro, Ponte Nossa and Parre, continue on the SP 49 and follow the indications for Gromo.

BY PLANE

  • Bergamo airport
  • Milan Linate Airport
  • Brescia airport
  • Milan Malpensa Airport
  • Parma airport

Sleep, eat, buy...

Minimarket Zenoni
Via Bisaccia, 4 - 24020, Gromo
Agenzia Immobiliare Ruggeri Ivan
Via de Medici, 70 - 24016, San Pellegrino Terme (Bergamo)
25.37 Kilometers from Gromo

From the blog

Once upon a time there was Rosì, a robust, blond brigand with invulnerable skin. The lead bullets that the gendarmes of the time fired with archibugs did not hurt his skin. Rosì lived by theft that he committed night-time by entering the houses of unlucky villagers in the village of Gromo to steal cheeses, eggs and other kind of food. The house of Rosì was ancient, with stone arches and long dark tunnels that reached the village square and even up to the Serio River, was surrounded by the forests of the Serian...
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