The hamlet of Montalcino, famous for the production of Brunello wine, is situated in the territory of the north-west of Monte Amiata, at the end of Val d'Orcia.
 
SEARCH IN AN AREA

Montalcino

The hamlet of wine
Know more

Village of Montalcino
The Municipality of Montalcino
Province of Siena
Tuscany Region

inhabitants: 5.946
Altitude center: 567 m a.s.l.

The Municipality is part of:
Bandiera Arancione
Città del bio
Città del miele
Città del tartufo
Città del vino

Protected natural areas:
Val d'Orcia (UNESCO site)

A well known place for the production of Brunello wine, Montalcino is situated in the north-west of Monte Amiata, at the end of the Val d'Orcia. The village rises at an altitude of 564 m a.s.l. but in some points of the region it exceed the 600 m a.s.l. like Poggio Osticcio (624 m a.s.l.), the pass of Lume Spento (621 m a.s.l.) and the Poggio Civitella (661 m a.s.l.) where there is an ancient Etruscan fortress. Montalcino is mentioned for the first time in a document of 29th December 814, when the Emperor Ludovico il Pio granted the territory on Monte Lucini to the abbot of the nearby Abbey of Sant'Antimo. On the origin of the name of Montalcino, some believe it derives from Mons Lucinus quoted in this document of the 814, named in honor of the goddess Lucina or reference to the latin word lucus, that means "sacred wood", or more generally "small forest". Others, instead, think that the toponym derives from Mons Ilcinus, from Latin mons (mount) and ilex (evergreen oak), "monte dei lecci", a very widespread plant in the area which is also represented in the city coat of arms. The first inhabited nucleus should date back to the X century. In this period the population experienced a notable growth in population when the inhabitants of Roselle moved into the city. The original inhabited nucleus was extended over the centuries until, in the XIV century, it reached the current size. Thanks to the location of the city, dominating on top of a hill, from its avenues the view can sweep over the valleys of Ombrone and Asso. In medieval times the main economic activity was the tannery and Montalcino had numerous factories for the working of leather, factories which were famous for the quality of their products. But its luck was to be in the centre of one of the most important areas of the cultivation of grapes. The territory, in fact, is celebrated for the presence of vineyards of Sangiovese from which they obtain the famous Brunello di Montalcino and that are also used for the production of two other DOC wines: Rosso di Montalcino and Sant'Antimo. The main square of Montalcino is Piazza del Popolo. The main building of the square is the Palazzo Comunale, also known as Palazzo dei Priori (between the end of the thirteenth century and the beginning of the XIV). The palace is adorned with the heraldic coat of arms of the numerous podestà who ruled the city over the centuries. A high medieval tower is incorporated in the palace. Near the Palazzo Comunale, there is a Renaissance structure with six round arches, called La Loggia. The city walls were built in the XIII century. The fortress was built in the highest point of the city in 1361, has a pentagonal structure and was designed by Sienese architects Mino Foresi and Domenico di Feo. The fortress incorporates some of the pre-existing structures including the Mastio di Santo Martini, the tower of San Giovanni and the ancient Basilica, which now serves as the chapel of the castle. In the district Poggio alle Mura, were discovered the fossil remains of a whale that lived in the area more than four million years ago in the Pliocene period when the warm waters of the Tyrrhenian sea covered the area occupied by the existing vineyards. Among the local traditions one to remember is the Thrush Festival that is held on the last Sunday of October and the Tourney for the opening of the hunting season every month of August.

Video by videoturysta

Other destinations nearby

Buonconvento
Buonconvento
The fourteenth-century village of Buonconvento, perfectly preserved, is the most important center in the Val d'Arbia.
Siena - 8.97 KM from Montalcino
Murlo
Murlo
The village of Murlo, Tuscany, is a tourist center for the presence of the medieval walls, the museum and the cathedral.
Siena - 14.11 KM from Montalcino
Pienza
Pienza
Pienza is the most popular and important village of the whole Val d'Orcia, in Tuscany.
Siena - 15.5 KM from Montalcino
Castel del Piano
Castel del Piano
The village of Castel del Piano, in Tuscany, is situated on the hilly spurs of Monte Amiata.
Grosseto - 18.76 KM from Montalcino
Trequanda
Trequanda
The village of Trequanda, in Tuscany, is situated on the border between the Val d'Orcia and the Crete Senesi.
Siena - 20.44 KM from Montalcino
Montefollonico
Montefollonico
On the top of a hill, between the Val di Chiana and the Val d'Orcia, there is the evocative stone village of Montefollonico.
Siena - 22.12 KM from Montalcino

NOTE: distances are set as the crow flies.

Most read articles of the month

The other Tuscany: travelling around the hinterland villages and the islands
The other Tuscany: travelling around the hinterland villages and the islands
Tuscany is a region rich in infinite historical-architectural and natural treasures, where villages of rare beauty meet
By Simona PK Daviddi
Itinerary among 5 of the most suggestive villages of northern Sardinia
Itinerary among 5 of the most suggestive villages of northern Sardinia
From Olbia to Porto Torres, an itinerary that will lead us to the discovery of five fantastic Sardinian villages between the sea and the hinterland
By Redazione
Itinerary between villages and landscapes along the coasts of the Island of Elba
Itinerary between villages and landscapes along the coasts of the Island of Elba
From Cavo to Cavo, an itinerary along the coasts and inhabited centers of the most important island in Tuscany
By Redazione
Recipe: Is Arrubiolus
Recipe: Is Arrubiolus
Among the most loved Carnival sweets in Sardinia, arrubiolus ogliastrini win the podium. These are very delicious fried sweets, made with a delicious mixture of fresh ricotta
By Redazione
Recipe: The Tortellini from Valeggio
Recipe: The Tortellini from Valeggio
In honor of the tortellino of Valeggio, also known as "Navel of Venus" or "Love knot", the "Feast of the Love Knot" is celebrated annually in Valeggio sul Mincio
By Redazione
5 villages along the spectacular north coast of Corsica
5 villages along the spectacular north coast of Corsica
A cross-border itinerary that will give you unforgettable moments between sea, nature, relaxation, discovering 5 Corsican villages
By Redazione
e-borghi travel - la rivista per chi ama viaggiare tra borghi e turismo slow

Read e-borghi travel for free, your new travel magazine

With the patronage of