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Varzi is located in the center of the Stàffora Valley, in the heart of Oltrepò Pavese. The village is part of the culturally homogeneous territory of the Four provinces (Alessandria, Genoa, Pavia, Piacenza), characterized by common uses and customs and by an important repertoire of very ancient music and dance. The main instrument of this area is the Apennine pipe that accompanied by the accordion, and once by the müsa (Apennine bagpipes), guides the dances and animates the parties.
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Varzi  | Claudio Giovanni Colombo/shutterstock
Claudio Giovanni Colombo/shutterstock
Varzi  | Claudio Giovanni Colombo/shutterstock
Claudio Giovanni Colombo/shutterstock
Varzi  | Claudio Giovanni Colombo/shutterstock
Claudio Giovanni Colombo/shutterstock
Varzi  | Paolo Bernardotti Studio/shutterstock
Paolo Bernardotti Studio/shutterstock
A look at Varzi
A look at Varzi

About the village

The village of Varzi (Vörs in dialect of Varzese) is located in Oltrepò Pavese, Lombardy. Located in the center of Valle Staffora, its origins are probably Liguria (the name contains the var root which, considering the Ligurian rivers Var and Vara, should mean river). Known since 993, when it was owned by the abbey of San Colombano di Bobbio. At Varzi stood the ancient church of San Germano. Like the rest of the valley, it fell under the power of the Malaspina, which had its regular investment in 1164. The Imperial diploma does not mention Varzi yet, but the surrounding castles. Probably the country was beginning to develop thanks to the tradesmen of the merchants who, crossing the salt path, from the plain climbed the valley to reach the Ligurian coast through the steps of Pénice, Brallo and Giovà. Varzi's fortune began in the 13th century. The subsequent hereditary divisions between the Malaspina established in 1221 the separation between the Malaspina del Dry Spino (in Val Trebbia) and Spino Fiorito (in Valle Staffora). The latter were divided in 1275 between three other lines. The Marquis Azzolino, the founder of the Varzi line, took up residence and built the castle, fortifying the hamlet and making it the capital of a vast lordship. It included, besides most of the municipality of Varzi, also the village of Menconico and part of those of Santa Margherita of Staffora and Fabbrica Curone. In 1320 the Malaspina gave Varzi the Statutes, compiled by the Cremonese lawyer Alberto dal Pozzo.

These divisions inherited inevitably resulted in the ruin of the marquis: he not only had to acknowledge the supremacy of the Duke of Milan, who made his own choice in spite of his imperial diplomas, but ended up falling under the rule of a stranger, Count Sforza of Santa Fiora, who after obtaining the investments of the Menconico landlord in which the local line of the Malaspina had been extinguished, gradually bought most of the feudal quotas, ending to be recognized as the only lord of Varzi. Malaspina remained only the title of Marchesi. The progressive ruin of the Malaspina did not diminish the prosperity of Varzi, which remained the center of valley trade and one of the most important centers of the Oltrepò. In the 18th century, after the Savoy in 1743, it was the seat of one of the three cantons in which the province of Oltrepò was divided. The feudal regime ended in 1797. By the Bobbies of the Kingdom of Sardinia in 1743, according to the Treaty of Worms, he became part of the Province of Bobbio. In 1801 the territory was annexed to Napoleonic France until 1814. In 1859 he entered the Circondario di Bobbio and then Lombardy. In 1923 the Circondario di Bobbio was subdivided into several provinces. After September 8, 1943, as in the entire Oltrepò Pavese, the first partisan bands formed and Varzi became the center of a free zone (the so-called 'partisan republics') at the end of September 1944. It remained free until 29 November.

This country is part of the culturally homogeneous territory of the four provinces (Alessandria, Genoa, Pavia, Piacenza), characterized by common customs and customs and an important repertoire of very ancient music and dances. The principal instrument of this area is the Apennine piercings accompanying the accordion, and once from the Müsa (Apennine gourmand), guides dances and animates the festivities.

They certainly deserve a visit to the Castle of Malaspina, the parish of San Germano and that of San Colombano.

It is also noteworthy that not far from Varzi passes the ancient Via del Sale Lombarda, a route that allowed the trade of salt by connecting Pavia with Genoa. Through this passage the goods came from the north, especially wool and weapons, to reach the port of Genoa where, for the return journey, salt was loaded, valuable precious material found in the areas far from the sea, which is indispensable for the preservation of food and tanning the leather. The route followed the whole valley of Staffora (province of Pavia), crossed the ridge dividing the val Borbera (province of Alessandria) from the val Boreca (province of Piacenza) to go down to Trebbia val. The route from Pavia headed south, on roads and mule tracks, touching Voghera, went along the Staffora valley, passing through Varzi, climbing the valley to the village of Castellaro, climbing Mount Bogleglio (1492 m), crossing the ridge to Mount Chiappo (1700 m), Mount Cavalmurone, Mount Legnà, Mount Carmo and Mount Antola (1597 m) descended to Torriglia in Val Trebbia, a meeting point with the Piedmontese and Emilian trails, and from there easily reached Genoa through the Scoffera's step.

After the fall of the Longobards by Charlemagne, the Holy Roman Empire constituted the Imperial Feudi with the aim of maintaining a safe passage to the sea; assigned these territories to loyal families who ruled for centuries these feuds. The valleys of Staffora, Borbera, Curone, Trebbia, Aveto, Magra were under the domination of the Malaspina family which, in agreement with the city of Pavia, guaranteed the flow of goods through its territory by collecting related taxes and gabelles and guaranteeing the safety of goods and the protection of travelers. The opening of this road to the sea became the village of Varzi a very important shopping center with shops, warehouses, storage facilities and a walled castle. The transport of the sacks of salt was carried out in the form of a mule, because the narrow and unpleasant mule grooves that hung on the slopes did not allow the passage of wagons. A network with staging points offered men and animals, lodging and stables for this long crossing. Today, the Salt Street, lost its commercial value, has become a destination for hiking and trekking, turning into an environment of particular naturalistic interest.

The Salami of Varzi (DOP) is a pork meat product of Protected Designation of Origin, originating in the municipalities of Varzi, Bagnaria, Brallo di Pregola, Cecima, Fortunago, Godiasco, Menconico, Montesegale, Nice Bridge, Rocca Susella, Romagnese, Santa Margherita Staffora, Val of Nice, Valverde and Zavattarello, all in the Oltrepò Pavese, in Lombardy. The salami of Varzi DOP is one of the most expensive among regional salami, because is produced by all noble parts of the pig, ham, pork, bacon, cup, loin and fillet, and it's also a salami that requires a long ripening with important weight loss. In addition, the costs of strict DOP controls by the Parma Quality Institute are added.

The origin of this is uncertain. According to some sources, it seems that he is already agressive; the Longobards were keeping the pig. In fact, the Longobards, during their various transmigrations throughout Europe (from II to VI century) caused by lack of land, strong population growth and a tightening of the climate, in times of economic problems and constraints, needed of a long-lasting product. Already in the 12th century it was used as a delicious dish: the Marquis Malaspina, an undiscovered Longobard family, served it to guests during lunches and dinners. Over the centuries, the peasants began to consider the pig as an indispensable resource for their survival: thanks to family production, salami became part of the game; easily in the poor farmer's cafeteria, having discovered along the course of the stream Staffora an Appennine valley with a microclimate perfect for seasoning this sausage.

Once the long maturing process is finished, it is necessary that the Varzi salami (with respect to the DOP) has the following characteristics:

  • cylindrical shape and there must be gray molds evenly distributed along the skin;
  • weight at the end of ripening between 100 and 4000 gr. and diameter at the time of bagging between 38 and 110 mm;
  • compact and compact texture;
  • to cut: lean lean red color (about 70%). The remaining fat must be perfectly white;
  • sweet and delicate taste, fragrant aroma;
  • live color and visual perception of fat content is dued by the grinding of the meat, with a 12 mm trap (in other types the fine grinder easily hides the larger part of the fat part).

Village of Varzi
Municipality of Varzi
Province of Pavia
Lombardy Region

Inhabitants: 3.207 varzesi
Center Altitude: 416 m s.l.m.

The municipality is part of:
I Borghi più belli d'Italia
Comunità Montana Oltrepò Pavese

Piazza Umberto I 1 - Tel. 0383-52676

= distances as the crow flies


  • From Milan: Take the A7 highway, exit at Casei Gerola, take the SP 206, continue towards Voghera, pass the town of Voghera, continue on the SS 461, pass the towns of Rivanazzano Terme, Ponte Nizza, continue towards Varzi.
  • From Bologna: From the A14 Adriatica highway, continue on the A1 Autostrada del Sole, follow the direction to Piacenza, near Piacenza, continue on the A21 highway, exit at Casteggio / Casatisma, take the SS 35 towards Casteggio / Voghera, in near Casteggio, take the Tangenziale di Casteggio, turn onto the SP 1, pass Codevilla, take the SS 461 and follow the indications for Varzi.
  • From Genoa: From the A7 highway, follow the direction to Piacenza, continue on the A21 highway, exit at Voghera, pass Voghera, continue on the SS 461, pass Rivanazzano Terme, Ponte Nizza, continue for Varzi.
  • From La Spezia: From the Cisa A15 highway, follow the direction for Milan, continue on the A1 del Sole highway, follow the direction for Piacenza, near Piacenza continue on the A21 highway, exit at Casteggio / Casatisma, take the SS 35 in the direction of Casteggio / Voghera, near Casteggio, take the Tangenziale di Casteggio, turn onto the SP 1, pass Codevilla, take the SS 461 and follow the directions for Varzi.
  • From Brescia: Take the A21 motorway towards Turin, exit at Casteggio / Casatisma, take the SS 35 towards Casteggio / Voghera, near Casteggio, take the Casteggio ring road, turn onto the SP 1, pass Codevilla, take the SS 461 and follow the indications for Varzi.
  • From Pavia: Take the SS 35, pass Borgo Ticino, near Bressana continue on the SP 1, pass Codevilla, take the SS 461, pass Ponte Nizza and continue for Varzi.


  • Genoa airport
  • Milan Linate Airport
  • Milan Malpensa Airport
  • Parma airport
  • Bergamo airport

Sleep, eat, buy...

Azienda Agricola Il Castello
Frazione Gravanago 8 - 27040, Fortunago (Pavia)
11.54 Kilometers from Varzi
Malaspina Castle of Varzi
The Malaspina Castle of the village of Varzi, with elegant rooms, well-kept gardens and guest roo...
Piazza Umberto I, Varzi


april, 2023

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