The most complete online resource about Italian villages
Login

Alessano


Share
In the heart of Capo di Leuca, Alessano is a small and pretty village, waiting to be discovered. Its historic center, which is accessed from via Comment dominated by Palazzo Legari, is one of the best preserved in Salento and the magnificence of the noble families who lived here still shines in Piazza Castello where Palazzo Sangiovanni stands, with its rusticated facade spearhead, and the ducal palace.
  • Suitable for disabled people
  • Authentic Italian villages
  • Oil city
Alessano  | Mi.Ti./shutterstock
Alessano
Mi.Ti./shutterstock
Alessano  |
Alessano
Alessano  | Mi.Ti./shutterstock
Alessano
Mi.Ti./shutterstock
Alessano  | Mi.Ti./shutterstock
Alessano
Mi.Ti./shutterstock
Alessano  | Mi.Ti./shutterstock
Alessano
Mi.Ti./shutterstock
Alessano  | Mi.Ti./shutterstock
Alessano
Mi.Ti./shutterstock
Alessano  | Mi.Ti./shutterstock
Alessano
Mi.Ti./shutterstock
Alessano  | Comune di Alessano
Alessano
Comune di Alessano
Alessano  | Mi.Ti./shutterstock
Alessano
Mi.Ti./shutterstock
Alessano  | Comune di Alessano
Alessano
Comune di Alessano
Alessano  | Comune di Alessano
Alessano
Comune di Alessano
Alessano  | Comune di Alessano
Alessano
Comune di Alessano
Alessano  | Comune di Alessano
Alessano
Comune di Alessano
Alessano  | Comune di Alessano
Alessano
Comune di Alessano
Alessano  | Comune di Alessano
Alessano
Comune di Alessano
Alessano  | Comune di Alessano
Alessano
Comune di Alessano
Alessano  | leccecronaca.it
Alessano
leccecronaca.it
A look at Alessano
A look at Alessano

Events

sunday
12
july, 2020

Festa Patronale di Sant'Antonio, in the town of Montesardo

monday
27
july, 2020

Festa Patronale di San Trifone

About the village

The foundation of Alessano has its roots in the myth. Cesare Rao, philosopher and scholar of the Community of Alessano, lived in the Sixteenth Century, offers one of the most suggestive hypotheses about it, that sees in Dedalus, author of the labyrinth, the proponent of the Foundation, which "… here with the whole wings without being dileguate point from the heat of the Sun flying elicited, where he built this city, which saved by ale called ALESSANO, that both sounds as healthy ale, waves even bears for his teaches the wings". Some have traced the origin of the city to the inhabitants of the basin of the river Ales, near Reggio, others to the Epiroti of Alesia, others still to soldiers from Alesia of Gaul. The most likely postulation has attributed the birth of the Community to the Byzantine emperor Alexius I Comnenus, but it seems that Alessano already existed long before the XI century. The etymology of the name of the city ricondurrebbe to Greek verb alexo, "I reject, protect myself" and would reveal its original function of a military garrison.

In the feudal age, and in particular under the Norman domination, the center acquired a prominent role in the territory: the ancient village has preserved its medieval urban structure, characterised by little alleys and streets on which overlook the characteristics "courtyard houses".

In 1286 the city was supportive to Roberto D'Alneto, cousin of Charles of Anjou, it then passed to his son Gerardo and finally to the daughter of the latter Caterina, to which King Roberto had granted the title of Countess. Just Caterina D'Alneto married, in 1336, Francesco Della Ratta and brought him a dowry in the suburbs, whose lordship was maintained by the new Lordly family for over a century. In fact, in 1463 the Della Ratta Lost titles and goods, so that the royal property sold the county to Raimondo Del Balzo: Under this lordship the city grew and saw the construction of some of the buildings which still today we can admire. By Della Ratta county passed into the hands of the Balzo and then of the Gonzaga family, at the time when Alessano became the lordship prestigious Southern Salento. In this period, also thanks to the sponsorship of the noble families and the centrality of the diocesan institution, the city seems to be well integrated in the circuits of the elaboration and dissemination of knowledge of the Sixteenth Century, as testified by the vicissitudes of intellectuals of considerable thickness which Cesare Rao and Francesco Storella. Alessano has also hosted, between the XV and the XVI century, a Jewish communities, which in 1513 accounted for 12 families who lived in that that still today is called "Via della Giudecca", in the old quarter of Santa Maria, where they had their shops, the school and the synagogue. In virtue of the Jewish presence, the alessanesi had the nickname of the Jews. In the seventeenth century for Alessano were built several churches, like those of St Joseph and of the Assunta, and founded the monastery of the Capuchin Fathers; already existed two other convents very ancient, i.e. that of the Fathers Conventual Franciscans and the Sant'Angelo, held by the Fathers Celestini. In 1585 the countryside was sold to Ettore Brayda, which in turn the rivendette to Fabrizio Guarini in 1602. In 1644 Laura Guarini, before the Duchess of Alessano, married Filiberto Ayerbo of Aragon, whose lineage occupied the city for almost two hundred years. Toward the middle of the Eighteenth century thanks to the initiative of Bishop Denis Latomo ground, it was decided to build a new cathedral, open to worship only on 4 May 1845, after well ottandadue years from the laying of the first stone. In the meantime, on 27 June 1818 the diocese of Alessano was suppressed and aggregated with that of Ugento. With the abolition of feudalism, decreed by Joseph Bonaparte on 2 August 1806, the feudal property alessanesi passed at the University, i.e. to the Municipal Administration. In Naples, in 1837, died of cholera Giuseppe Ayerbo of Aragon, the last of the lords of Alessano, which left its properties to the nephew Luisa Riario Sforza, who had married Antonio Zunica, duke of Castellina. Both lived in the ancient palazzo ducale until death, when all their assets were sold.

Village of Alessano
Municipality of Alessano
Province of Lecce
Apulia Region

Population: 6.419 
Altitude center: 140 m a.s.l.

the Municipality is part of:
Borghi Autentici d'Italia
Città dell'olio
Unione Terra di Leuca

Municipality of Alessano
Piazza Don Tonino Bello 14 - Alessano (LE)
Tel. +39 0833 782711

BY CAR

  • Motorway to Bari, Bari Nord exit; Bari-Brindisi or Brindisi-Lecce expressway; from Lecce SS. 16 for Maglie and SS 275 from Maglie to Alessano;

ON THE TRAIN

  • Lecce station

BY PLANE

  • Brindisi airport

Sleep, eat, buy...

Terre di Carmen
Via Nepole, 1 - 73040, Morciano di Leuca (Lecce)
8.02 Kilometers from Alessano
SoleMareSalento
Via Roma, 139 - 73054, Presicce (Lecce)
8.36 Kilometers from Alessano

From the blog

what else do you want
to discover?
e-borghi 2019-2020 All rights reserved • 3S Comunicazione - P. IVA 08058230965
Corso Buenos Aires, 92 - 20124 Milano | 02 87071950