Village of Sermoneta
Municipality of Sermoneta
Province of Latina
Population: 9.884 (6.146 in the village)
Altitude centre: 257 m s.l.m.
the Municipality is part of:
Comunità Montana dei Monti Lepini e Ausoni
Municipality of Sermoneta
Via della Valle 17 - Sermoneta (LT)
Tel. +39 0773 30151
the territory of Sermoneta was already populated in the archaic period. In its territory, near the actual abbey of Valvisciolo stood the ancient city volsca of Sulmo, mentioned by Virgil in the Aeneid.
The expansion of the Pontine Marshes and the invasions of the saracens drove the inhabitants of ancient Sulmo to relocate in the current Sermoneta, which is mentioned with this name already in the XI century. Free Commune, submitted soon to the Caetani family (1297) who made it the center of their domains on the entire southern Lazio, for track of the fortunate position on the track the foothills, artery that had replaced the Appia in connections between the north and the South of Italy. The sermonetani, for the control of the road and in particular from the customs office of passage, smote before the city of Nymph then the neighboring Sezze. From this period dates the medieval village, perfectly preserved, the Caetani Castle and the Cathedral.
From the XIII and XVI century, Sermoneta was home to a flourishing Jewish community. Traces remain in the district called "Portella" (via Marconi angle via Riccelli), where it is still recognizable the building of the old synagogue (now part of a private house). Starting from the XVI century with the first works for the reclamation of the Pontine Marshes and the reopening of the Appia, the city began a slow decline. In 1567 lost the title of capital of the duchy of the Caetani that put their headquarters in Cisterna. Hosted Leonardo da Vinci.
In 1928, on a part of its territory, in the locality of Doganella di Ninfa, Opera Nazionale Combattenti poses one of the headquarters for the operations for the reclamation of the Agro Pontino. From the post-war period and its historical center has experienced a heavy depopulation in favor of its territory in the plain where are fate fractions of Doganella, Tufette Pontenuovo, and Carrara on the borders with the municipalities of Cisterna di Latina and Latin.
At the same time has experienced a remarkable expansion of tourism that has as its goal the ancient and well preserved ancient village, home to numerous cultural events.
Certainly deserve a visit to the Abbey of Valvisciolo and Castello Caetani. With its outstanding medieval aspect is a country very frequented by tourists, also due to the Caetani Castle as well as for its proximity to the Garden of Ninfa, very important naturalistic oasis of property of the Foundation Caetani, which falls in the neighboring town of Cisterna.
NOTE: distances are set as the crow flies.