In Lazio, among hazelnut and tufaceous ridges there is a magnificent village that houses one of the jewels of architecture of all time: Caprarola
 
SEARCH IN AN AREA

Caprarola - History of popes, cardinals, architects ... and a wonderful palace-fortress.

Caprarola - History of popes, cardinals, architects ... and a wonderful palace-fortress.

Rome, 1534.

In that year Giulio de' Medici died, nephew of Lorenzo the Magnificent and at that time pope of the Catholic church with the name of Clement VII.

With the following conclave, he ascends to the throne of Pietro Alessandro Farnese, known as Pope Paul III. A pontiff who will be able to tell his story, considering that in the history books he meets him when he leads the Council of Trent and when he follows with Michelangelo the realization of one of the most famous frescoes of all time, the Last Judgment of the Sistine Chapel.

But when he was appointed pope, our Alessandro was struggling with another memorable project. A project that will have rather long vicissitudes, but that will eventually become one of the icons of the architecture of the '500.

We are north of Rome, in the beautiful village of Caprarola, lying on the eastern side of the Monti Cimini volcanic system. It is here that the Farnese family has its possessions and it is here that Cardinal Alessandro, before becoming pope, delights with his architectural dream.

It is 1530 when the high prelate calls upon one of the greatest architects of the time, Antonio da Sangallo the Younger, to intervene in this lush and tufted woodland.

The designer belongs to a well-known family of artists, who also included among his ranks the famous architects Giuliano da Sangallo and Antonio da Sangallo the Elder (so called precisely to distinguish him from his nephew). And it is interesting to note that when the Farnese - shortly thereafter - it will become pope, it will call Antonio da Sangallo the Younger to put his hand in the most famous and mammoth religious building of the entire West: the Basilica of St. Peter. In reality, today only a colossal wooden model remains of Sangallo's great project ... but this is another story!

In Caprarola, Sangallo has the time to pull up only the pentagonal plan with the five bastions at the corners - the base of the fortress that still today, albeit in different forms, dominates the village.

In the fateful year of 1534, the project is frozen and the cardinal and architect move to Rome, to embark on even more daring paths.

For 25 years the ramparts lie in Caprarola almost as if they were dozing giants, until another Farnese intervenes on the scene - also a cardinal and also Alessandro, nephew of the previous one.

It is 1559 when the second cardinal Alessandro Farnese decides to entrust those bastions to another great star of the architectural firmament of the time: Jacopo Barozzi, known as the Vignola.

The Vignola maintains Sangallo's pentagonal layout, but implements a profound distortion of the design of its predecessor: from fortress the structure is transformed into a sumptuous late Renaissance palace-villa, finished with the pictorial cycles of the Zuccari brothers who celebrate, with their taste distinctly mannerist, the glory of the Farnese family.

But Vignola paid no attention only to the architecture itself.

With a daring urban intervention he created the straight - main thorn of the village - which has as its focal point, located at the top of the axis, the Palazzo Farnese: splendid perspective building on an urban scale, still admirable today in all its design power.

COMMENTS :

Events in Caprarola

  • Feast of Sant'Antonio
    17-01-2020 | Caprarola (VT)
    Religious occurrences

    Add to calendar 2020-01-17 2020-01-17 Europe/Rome Feast of Sant'Antonio Blessing of Animals and a parade of horses. Caprarola

    Blessing of Animals and a parade of horses.

    Village of Caprarola

  • "La Paradisa" Agricultural and Artisanal Fair
    31-05-2020 | Caprarola (VT)
    Expo

    Add to calendar 2020-05-31 2020-05-31 Europe/Rome "La Paradisa" Agricultural and Artisanal Fair Agricultural machines, typical products, crafts, folklore. Caprarola

    Agricultural machines, typical products, crafts, folklore.

    Village of Caprarola

  • Feast of Sant'Antonio Abate with solemn procession.
    13-06-2020 | Caprarola (VT)
    Religious occurrences

    Add to calendar 2020-06-13 2020-06-13 Europe/Rome Feast of Sant'Antonio Abate with solemn procession. Caprarola

    Village of Caprarola

  • Hazelnut Feast
    From 17-08-2020 To 24-08-2020 | Caprarola (VT)
    Feasts

    Add to calendar 2020-08-17 2020-08-24 Europe/Rome Hazelnut Feast A great feast, parade of floats, folklore music, art, theater performances. Caprarola

    A great feast, parade of floats, folklore music, art, theater performances.

    Village of Caprarola

  • Patronal Feast of Sant'Egidio and Hazelnut Feast
    From 01-09-2020 To 02-09-2020 | Caprarola (VT)
    Patronal parties

    Add to calendar 2020-09-01 2020-09-02 Europe/Rome Patronal Feast of Sant'Egidio and Hazelnut Feast In honor of the patron saint, procession and folkloric events. Caprarola

    In honor of the patron saint, procession and folkloric events.

    Village of Caprarola


Related News

Sperlonga, the ancient Pearl of the Empire
Sperlonga, the ancient Pearl of the Empire
Sperlonga, a small center of the Riviera of Ulysses, is a continuous surprise between panoramas and characteristic glimpses where you must be guided exclusively by curiosity
By Luca Sartori
Castrocaro Terme, harmony and well-being
Castrocaro Terme, harmony and well-being
Castrocaro Terme, dominated by a fortress, contains all the ingredients of the typical Romagna bien vivre.
By Simona PK Daviddi
San Candido, a destination for all seasons
San Candido, a destination for all seasons
it’s an ancient village that can still combine the traditions from South Tyrol with the warm Italian hospitality and the middle European atmosphere along its streets.
By Simona PK Daviddi
Sauris, the North-Eeast passage
Sauris, the North-Eeast passage
Framed by the evocative landscapes of Carnia, the alpine village of Sauris is known for its lake, its ham, speck and craft beer
By Redazione E-borghi Travel
A day in Castell'Arquato, through latch alleys and a legend more alive than ever...
A day in Castell'Arquato, through latch alleys and a legend more alive than ever...
We take you to one of the best preserved medieval villages of Emilia-Romagna and the whole of Northern Italy, to rediscover an atmosphere of times gone by and a mystery still to be solved
By Stefano De Bernardi
 Positano among legends, enchanting beaches and fashion
Positano among legends, enchanting beaches and fashion
Here are some interesting facts about the pearl of the Amalfi Coast
By Redazione

Most read articles of the month

Trip to the Mocheni Valley, an enchanted place in Trentino-Alto Adige
Trip to the Mocheni Valley, an enchanted place in Trentino-Alto Adige
Let's discover the Valley of the Mochens, also called the Enchanted Valley. A place with a unique charm, in the heart of Trentino Alto Adige.
By Redazione
Four steps ... in 4 fortified villages
Four steps ... in 4 fortified villages
Poker of aces of fortified villages to go to the discovery of history and curiosities. Legends intertwined with art and architecture, medieval or renaissance epics that reveal to the visitor all the uniqueness of these Italian jewels
By Luciana Francesca Rebonato
4 villages not to be missed for designer craftsmanship
4 villages not to be missed for designer craftsmanship
Four Italian villages that stand out for their craftsmanship, the essence of an ancient art handed down over the centuries. A journey into typicality, emotional itineraries that point the spotlight on uniqueness
By Luciana Francesca Rebonato
Sperlonga, the ancient Pearl of the Empire
Sperlonga, the ancient Pearl of the Empire
Sperlonga, a small center of the Riviera of Ulysses, is a continuous surprise between panoramas and characteristic glimpses where you must be guided exclusively by curiosity
By Luca Sartori
Recipe: Anna's Sfogliatelle
Recipe: Anna's Sfogliatelle
The Lama dei Peligni puffs are definitely the direct descendants of the Neapolitan sfogliatelle notes
By Redazione
Recipe: spaghetti with anchovy sauce, a typical dish of the Amalfi Coast
Recipe: spaghetti with anchovy sauce, a typical dish of the Amalfi Coast
Colatura di Alici is a traditional product that over the years has gastronomically characterized the small fishing village of Cetara
By Redazione
e-borghi travel - la rivista per chi ama viaggiare tra borghi e turismo slow

Read e-borghi travel for free, your new travel magazine

With the patronage of