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Bova


From a cultural point of view, Bova has remained the capital of the Hellenophone Island, a territory of the Grecanica Area consisting of inhabited centers where the elderly still speak Greek from Calabria.
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Bova  | Comune di Bova
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Bova  | Comune di Bova
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Comune di Bova
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About the village

The ancient origins of the town of Bova (chòra tuVùa) are witnessed by the numerous archaeological finds discovered in the vicinity of the Norman castle dating back to the Neolithic period, even if the first testimonies historically documented on the existence of Bova date back to the early years of the second millennium, when between the 1040 and the 1064 the Normans it imposed on Arab and Byzantine in the domination of Sicily and Calabria.

In the VIII century-VI a. C. became a colony of Magna Grecia, while in the following centuries it was besieged by the Saracens, the Arabs and the Normans, and precisely with the latter domination Bova entered in the feudal period and it became a county. The city was ancient bishopric (remained the Episcopal Seat until 1996 and was then unified to the Diocese of Reggio becoming Archdiocese of Reggio Calabria-Bova), and followed the Greek rite introduced in Calabria by the Basilian monks until 1572, the year in which the bishop Stauriano imposed to the Latin rite, and he took away every trace of the Byzantine rite and with it all the paintings and the rods, replacing them with statues of the seventeenth-century suited to the Roman rite.

The artistic testimonies of this period are also represented by the many churches scattered on the territory with its portals in local stone decorated and marble statues attributed to the school of Messina. The latinising led to the gradual disappearance of the greek language that was considered to be the language of the people or the poor people. But from the point of view of culture Bova remained the capital (the Chora) of the island Ellenofona, that territory of the Grecanica Area constituted by the inhabited centers in which elderly people still speak the Greco di Calabria, a linguistic minority protected by L.R. n° 15/03 and that still preserves knowledge, traditions and crafts that testify to the presence in the time of important civilization before all those Greek and Byzantine.

The orographic characteristics natural site not only greatly influence the planimetric structure of the center, a medieval plan, but underline the strategic importance and economic that in past Bova has had in the control of a wide portion of the mountain territory behind. Recent history bears the seventies, when, after important seismic events and alluvial plains, the majority of the population moved on the coast and it rises the town of Bova Marina. But Bova, despite the serious social and economic consequences, resists depopulation and abandonment and continues to remain a common in itself is not linked to the Marina, as instead happens to most other mountain municipalities.

This situation causes the interests speculative building of those years are pointing to the coastal strip, allowing to the fact that the precious village of medieval plant is retained in the character of settlements and in its architectural merits. Since the mid-nineties to today is born a new interest toward the town of Bova and are appreciated not only cultural resources but is also recovered the architectural heritage the public and private sectors.

The town of Bova is perched on the slopes of Aspromonte, in Calabria. The natural context in which it is located is affected by three systems landscape of great interest: the Aspromonte National Park (referred Bova is a "Visitor Center"), the park anthropic of the dry river bed Amendolea whose water course has generated over the centuries the major changes physical-structural morphological system of the Grecanica Area, and finally the coastline, this being visible from natural and panoramic terrace on which Bova is located.

The fact that the municipal territory falls almost entirely within the Aspromonte National Park, created in 1994, has allowed the spread of initiatives aimed at the discovery of the natural resources and the exploitation for touristic purposes of rich environmental heritage. In fact, the municipal territory, connoted by the fiumare, Mediterranean maquis and hilly habitat is located in one of the most important channels of migration of birds, in particular that of the hawks, brown kites, and of storks. In addition to this there is a Special Protection Area for Birds (SPA) and it is possible to encounter faunal species protected and endangered as the wolf, the wild cat and the Bonelli's eagle, and an important budget and diversification of the flora. As regards the rural habitats the territory offers several resources are linked to the presence of the fiumare, as the presence of water-mills and mills used for the processing of agricultural products.

The landscape, as well as the secular olive groves and vineyards, is particularly suggestive in the spring for the blossoming of broom and wild ginestrello, whose fiber a time was used for textile production of blankets.

The artistic handicraft typical of the area is represented by the machining of wood, from the interweaving of the baskets and the weaving of the blankets of broom.

For some years there is a cooperative which takes care of the artistic working of glass is the "Ancient Bova Laboratory" where art and tradition are intertwined, and where the stylistic themes of the Grecanic Area reborn in modern garment in objects made.

Village of Bova
Municipality of Bova

Province of Reggio Calabria
Region Calabria

Inhabitants: 448 bovesi
Altitude center: 820 m a.s.l.

The Municipality is part of:
I Borghi più belli d'Italia
City of Bio

Acknowledgments
Orange Flag - Italian Touring Club

Protected Natural Areas:
Aspromonte National Park

Municipality
Piazza Roma - Tel. 0965-762013

= distances as the crow flies

BY CAR

  • Take the A3 Sa-RC highway. From Reggio Calabria take the SS106 Jonica to Bova Marina. From Bova Marina continue on the SP towards Bova

ON THE TRAIN

  • Bova Marina railway station and then Bus to Bova

BY PLANE

  • Reggio Calabria airport

Cuisine
Bova's varied cuisine is Mediterranean; simple ingredients are often used; dishes vary, but the queen of Bova's cuisine is lestopitta, Bova's first De.Co. product from the Grecanica area; it is shaped like a piadina and is a dough of flour and water, fried. It is eaten hot stuffed with salami and cheese, peperonata, parmigiana, sausage, or, in the modern version, filled with nutella or honey.

Pasta dishes include maccarruni with goat sauce, cordeddi with sauce, and taggliarini with chickpeas. There is no shortage of cured meats such as capicollo and soppressata, and cheeses such as pecorino.

Another DE.CO. product of the Grecanica area, Greek bread that has jermanu (rye) flour and mavrafaci (black Bova lentil) as ingredients.

Sweets such as dried fruits (figs, ficarazzi, roasted almonds) are linked to religious holidays: at Christmas, petrali are prepared and at Easter, 'ngute.

Oil is locally produced and so is wine in its variants Fengari (white) and Ambeli (red) made from native vines.

Handicrafts
In the heart of the Old Town, is located the craft workshop "Antica Bova" , experts in glass processing., where unique pieces of artistic crafts, stained glass windows , lamps, souvenirs are made. The stylistic themes that distinguish the Grecanica area have been recovered in the workmanship. The artisans also engage in glass recycling, after processing and fusion new objects are created.

  • Carnival Grecanico.
  • Corpus Christi procession. In this occasion in the alleys are preparations of the altars, the streets decorated with compositions of flower petals and balconies adorned with lace and blankets.
  • August - Paleariza. Festival of Music traditional ethnic and grecanica.
  • August/September - Bovarché. cultural season dedicated to painting, sculpture and poetry.
  • November - Day of Language.
  • Christmas period - Christmas with the ciaramelle, Living crib and bonfire. 

Sleep, eat, buy...

= distances as the crow flies
= distances as the crow flies

Events

from
monday
15
july, 2024
to wednesday 17 july 2024

Feast of the patron saints San Leo and San Rocco

from
thursday
1
august, 2024
to friday 30 august 2024

Festival Paleariza

sunday
4
august, 2024

Madonna del Mare

saturday
5
october, 2024

Feast of Saint Luca

from
monday
16
december, 2024
to tuesday 24 december 2024

Christmas with the ciaramelle

monday
5
may, 2025

Novena and patronal feast of San Leo

Our news about Bova

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