>31 The italian village of Castelmezzano, Potenza in Basilicata, Italy - e-borghi
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To guard this medieval jewel, made of steep stairs, narrow alleys, houses climbing on the rock, are the Piccole Dolomiti Lucane which, higher up, following dedicated paths, the more they reveal an enchanting landscape. From here you can experience the unique emotion of the "Flight of the Angel", to jump into the void and enjoy the enchanting landscape as never before, alone or in pairs, until you reach the nearby Pietrapertosa.
  • Village in the mountain
  • Village with park
  • Suitable for disabled people
  • Camper parking area
  • Most beautiful villages in Italy
  • Orange Flag Countries
Castelmezzano  |
Castelmezzano  | Paolo Santarsiero
Paolo Santarsiero
Castelmezzano  | Lorenzo Palazzo
Lorenzo Palazzo
Castelmezzano  |
Castelmezzano  |
Castelmezzano  |
Castelmezzano  | Paolo Santarsiero
Paolo Santarsiero
A look at Castelmezzano
A look at Castelmezzano

About the village

Located in the heart of the Dolomiti Lucane, perched and protected from these imposing massifs of the sandstone rock that the wind and the rain have unceasingly dug in the course of time, Castelmezzano reveals itself in a manner quite unusual.
To enter the country in fact we must pass through a tunnel dug in the rock, immediately after crossing a small groove. This spectacular location, was fundamental for the defense of the village in the course of the centuries, whose origin is given around the X century a.c.

The name derives from the Castrum Medianum (literally median castle) built here by the Normans between the XI and XIII century a.c., and is so called because of its position with respect to those of the neighboring centers of Pietrapertosa and Brindisi Montagna. Of the castle are still visible the remains of the walls, a tank for the collection of rain water and the stairs carved into the rock that allowed access to the highest lookout point, from where it was possible to monitor the whole valley of the river Basento. The urban structure of Castelmezzano, typically medieval, is a rare example of a sustainable balance between natural components and human intervention.

The village is in fact as an agglomerate of concentric houses with roofs of sandstone embedded in a rocky basin: constructions are inserted directly in the rock. There are numerous steep stairs that open between the alleys and that invite you to climb to the peaks overhanging and enjoy the wonderful views of the Dolomiti Lucane. The heart of the city life is Caizzo Square at the center of which stands The Mother Church of Santa Maria dell'Olmo with its majestic facade in Romanic style. Outside the country, paths, stairways and bridges in stone allow to reach the valley of Caperrino, characterized by the remains of old mills, built in dry and whose roofs are made with slabs of local stone, said "chiang" in the local dialect. Castelmezzano falls with its territory in the area of the Park of Gallipoli Cognato Dolomiti Lucane that offers in addition to the pristine beauty of the landscape, the traces of a millenary history for the presence of the megalithic walls of the settlement, named Croccia Cognato, of the IV century b.c.

Village of Castelmezzano
Municipality of Castelmezzano
Province of Potenza
Basilicata Region

Population: 792 castelmezzanesi
Pop. foreign resident: 8

The Municipality is part of:
I Borghi più belli d'Italia
Paesi Bandiera Arancione

Orange Flag - Italian Touring Club

Protected natural areas:
Parco Gallipoli Cognato, Piccole Dolomiti Lucane

Via Roma 28 - Tel. +39 0971 986166

= distances as the crow flies


  • From Potenza: take the SS 407 Basentana to the Albano exit, after the junction continue following the signs for Castelmezzano.
  • From Naples: take the A3 SA-RC highway to the Sicignano junction, follow the Potenza-Sicignano motorway junction to Potenza. Continue on the SS 407 Basentana until the Albano exit, after the junction continue following the directions for Castelmezzano.
  • From Bari, follow the signs for Matera along the SS7 to the entrance to the SS 407 Basentana. Continue towards Potenza until the Albano exit, after the junction continue following the directions for Castelmezzano.


  • Power station


  • Naples airport
  • Bari airport

Sleep, eat, buy...

= distances as the crow flies

Travel proposals in Castelmezzano and in its territory

Castelmezzano is present in issue 5 of our digital magazine e-borghi travel.
Read it now!


july, 2022

Feast in honor of Madonna delle Grazie

august, 2022

Feast in honour of St. Donato

august, 2022

Pilgrimage in honor of San Rocco a Tolve

august, 2022
to friday 19 august 2022

San Rocco

september, 2022
to tuesday 13 september 2022

Feast in honour of Sant'Antonio of Padova

october, 2022

Feast in honor of San Francesco, San Michele e della Addolorata

december, 2022

Feast in honor of Saint Lucia Vergine

may, 2023

Feast in honor of the Madonna del Bosco

june, 2023

Feast in honor of Saint Vitus Martyr

From the blog

A winter that brought magic to Italian villages: a snowy #winternoneiborghi2018. Scrolling through the photos in the hashtag we see photos that tell us how, even with the low temperatures and less crowded villages, it is beautiful to go through the alleys and photograph these local realities. There's no denying it, seeing the snow-covered alleyways and rooftops of our jewels brings us to an even more romantic, all-Italian vision: we love the snow and it makes us feel good! This is...

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