Corniglia is a hamlet of the town of Vernazza and is the only village of the Cinque Terre located on top of a rocky promontory.
It is surrounded by vineyards placed on characteristic terraced strips, excluding the side facing the sea and its houses, low and wide, are more similar to those of the hinterland than to typical coastal dwellings.
The origins of the village date back to Roman times and the name of the village probably derives from Gens Cornelia, the family that owns the territory.
The center of the village can be reached by a staircase called Lardarina, composed of 33 ramps with 382 steps.
One of the most important monuments of the village is the Church of San Pietro, in Gothic-Baroque style, dating back to the first half of the '300, home every summer of the Organ Festival of the Cinque Terre.
Its facade, embellished with a marble rose window, is enriched by many decorations, including a bas-relief depicting a deer, the emblem of the village. On June 29th we celebrate the patron saint, San Pietro, whose religious celebrations include the classical procession through the streets of the town, from the church of San Pietro to the terrace of Santa Maria.
The typical gastronomic specialty of the festival is the rice cake, prepared with rice, cheese, eggs and baked. Equally typical is the distribution in the square of the Torta dei Fieschi to all the participants at the party. Famous is the wine of Corniglia, closely linked to the history of the village, quoted by Boccaccio in a story of the Decameron in which it is said that the abbot of Cluny, prisoner of Ghino di Tacco, was cured and made to resuscitate with a glass of Corniglia.
NOTE: distances are set as the crow flies.