the village of Martano is situated in Puglia within the region ellenofona called Grecia Salentina.
 
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Martano

Greeks and Japigi
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Village of Martano
Municipality of Martano

Province of Lecce
Apulia Region

Population: 9.151
Altitude centre: 91 m s.l.m.

the municipality is part of: 
Borghi Autentici d'Italia
Città dell'olio
Unione Grecìa Salentina

Municipality of Martano
Piazzetta Matteotti 11 - Martano (LE)
Tel. +39 0836 575272

Martano (Martána in griko, Martanu in Salento dialect) is located in the Salento The center-east and is part of the so-called Grecia Salentina, an area ellenofona which speaks an ancient language of Greek origin, the griko.

The grecanico or griko (even grico) is a dialect (or group of dialects) type neo-Greek remainder probably of a wider and more continuous linguistic area ellenofona existed formerly in the coastal part of the Magna Grecia. The greeks today call the Katoitaliótika language (in Greek Italian "Southern"). The language, written in Latin characters, has points in common with the neogreco and in the meantime the words that are the fruit of apparent influences leccesi or anyway romance. Today in Martano The griko is spoken mainly by older people, even if it is understood by a band of wider population.

The origins of Martano risalirebbero to prehistory as contemplated by the presence of megalithic monuments such as the Specchia dei Mori (in griko secla demonìu tu) and the menhir of Theophilus, representing the menhir highest in the region. These monuments were places of worship of the populations Japigee.

After the fall of the Western Roman Empire the town was inhabited by settlers coming from the east and from 476 fell under the dominion of the greeks undergoing a process of grecizzazione lasted over five centuries. The Greek influence and then byzantine radically influenced the habits and the local language (Griko). The Greek culture persists and is still observable today in the traditions and folklore.

In 1190, during the norman period, Tancredi d'Altavilla granted the fief to Giorgio Rome to which succeeded Riccardo de Martano in 1269, Goffredo de castles in 1300 and Rinaldo de Hugot. From 1545 it became a fief of the bucally, in 1591 the De' Monti, in 1698 the Marquis, in 1742 of Brunossi, and finally in 1748 was bought by Gadelata that were the last feudal lords.

Certainly deserve a visit the Chiesa Matrice church, the monastery of Santa Maria della Consolazione and the Casale di Apigliano.

Video by Città aperte in rete

Other destinations nearby

Corigliano d´Otranto
Corigliano d´Otranto
Corigliano d'Otranto belongs to the historical region of Grecia Salentina, in Puglia.
Lecce - 6.18 KM from Martano
Galatina
Galatina
Galatina is situated in Puglia, in the historical region of Salento.
Lecce - 11.76 KM from Martano
Otranto
Otranto
Otranto, on the Adriatic coast of Salento, is the village most eastern Italy.
Lecce - 17.09 KM from Martano
Seclì
Seclì
The village of Seclì is located in the western slope of Salento in Puglia.
Lecce - 18.52 KM from Martano
Montesano Salentino
Montesano Salentino
Montesano Salentino is a village located in an area of low Salento in Puglia.
Lecce - 25.31 KM from Martano
Specchia
Specchia
The historic center of the village of Specchia, in Puglia, is considered among the most beautiful of the Salento.
Lecce - 29.02 KM from Martano

NOTE: distances are set as the crow flies.

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