Cirigliano is a medieval walled village built entirely of stone: from the castle, to the palaces, to the streets.
 
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Cirigliano

The seasons of stone
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Village of Cirigliano
Municipality of Cirigliano

Province of Matera
Basilicata Region

Population: 369 
Altitude centre: 656 m s.l.m.

Municipality of Cirigliano
Piazza Municipio 13 - Cirigliano (MT)
Tel. +39 0835 563081

The first written evidence of the existence of the small village of Cirigliano (Cëregliànë in lucan dialect) dates back to 1060. Draws Its etymology from "Caerellius" because built into the property of Cerellio, Roman centurion to which were donated these lands for merits on the battlefield. It is said that was Cirigliano an obligatory stop for those who by Heraclea was supposed to go to power or Tricarico. The appointed places to stop were the bakery of Cirigliano and La Taverna di Acinello. The village is surrounded by towers and walls to confirm that it is a question of a medieval village. In the center of the village stands the imposing the old feudal castle with its impressive tower oval and the chapel of Our Lady of Sorrows which preserves among other things a piety of the seventeenth century nestled on a small temple of wood decorated. The day of 12 November 1861 formations captained Carmine Crocco and José Borjès, went to Cirigliano to disarm the militi of the local National Guard. Well received, did stop for a couple of hours before moving toward Gorgoglione which reached in the early afternoon.

From the castle to the palaces, from homes to the roads, the village is entirely built in "stone of Cirigliano" that still today extracted from its quarries, constitutes an important resource for the craft that works and for its marketing. Obvious examples of exploitation of the stone are the chapel of S. Lucy and the square of the village. At about 2 km., between the green of the olive trees and vineyards, you can admire the grotto dedicated to Our Lady and dug in the rock by a robber repented. The territory of Cirigliano predominantly montano is rich in forests of tall trees and sources. The water source Furr at 1000 m a.s.l., catalogd as low in mineral content, is particularly indicated for the cure of the digestive system. In the vicinity of the source of water Furr is the adventure park Lucania Outdoor Park.

Excellent cheeses sheep and goats, flavorful salami and the famous oil of Majatica make Cirigliano the country of good food. You can savor however also succulent dishes for the most part based on pasta prepared by hand by noodles with breadcrumbs to orecchiette with turnip greens, from the cavatelli with sauce of "Bum", a tasty type of sausage, the so-called "ciauledda", a tasty soup. On the occasion of the carnival is not lacking the "Rafanata", pancakes of horseradish and cheese.

The Carnival of Cirigliano is one of the carnivals in the Lucan tradition. A parade of masks for the village lucano with figures that represent the twelve months of the year, the four seasons and the conclusion of the event with the funeral of the Carnival personified by a courageous that whitened by talc and flour, is lying in a coffin. The mesta circumstance is underlined by the cry of the poor Quaremma that has lost her husband. The parade of Cirigliano concludes with the final stake of a phantom of straw which in the meantime has replaced the courageous impersonifica that Carnival. Is a carnival of the peasant tradition that recalls what is thin wire between life and death, between the happiness and the pain.

Video by antonio garrambone

Other destinations nearby

Aliano
Aliano
Aliano is characterized by the typical landscape of the badlands and was a place of inspiration for Carlo Levi in the work "Christ stopped at Eboli"
Matera - 10.19 KM from Cirigliano
San Mauro Forte
San Mauro Forte
The village of San Mauro Forte is located in Basilicata and is famous for the Cowbells Feast.
Matera - 12.56 KM from Cirigliano
Pietrapertosa
Pietrapertosa
The village of Pietrapertosa has been founded in the VIII century B.C. on the Dolomiti Lucane, by the Pelasgians.
Potenza - 16.52 KM from Cirigliano
Castelmezzano
Castelmezzano
In Castelmezzano, with the "Flight of the Angel", you can experience a unique emotion by discovering the landscape and reaching Pietrapertosa
Potenza - 20.5 KM from Cirigliano
Campomaggiore
Campomaggiore
Campomaggiore, in the Park of the Piccole Dolomiti Lucane, was hit by a landslide in 1885, today the old part looks like a precious jewel
Potenza - 21.04 KM from Cirigliano
Craco
Craco
Craco is called the "ghost town". Today it is possible to visit the country with a guided tour, along a route secured.
Matera - 22.49 KM from Cirigliano

NOTE: distances are set as the crow flies.

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