The village of Vairano Patenora and its giant lupin are located in Campania.
 
SEARCH IN AN AREA

Vairano Patenora

The flavors of history
Know more

Village of Vairano
Municipality of Vairano Patenora

Province of Caserta
Campania Region

Population: 6.580 
Altitude centre: 168 m s.l.m.

the Municipality is part of:
Città della nocciola

Municipality of Vairano Patenora
Via Roma - Vairano Patenora (CE)
Tel. +39 0823 643711

The territory was initially occupied by the Samnites. After the Roman conquest (290 B.C. at the end of the third Samnite War) depended from the town hall of Sidicinum Teanum and in epoch tall medieval-passed to the Lombards. In the XI century Normans erected a castle, involved in the struggles between the emperor Henry IV and king of Sicily Tancredi. The Conte Ruggero of Chieti, which favored the king Tancredi, rejected the siege of the castle conducted by the imperial troops and the abbot Roffredo in 1193. Hereinafter briefly were guests of the Castle Frederick II of Swabia, Charles II of Anjou and Pope Gregory X.

In 1437 the city was sacked by the Patriarch Vitellesco. In 1460 it resisted again to a second siege by the Angevins, during the war between the king of Naples, Ferrante of Aragon and his rival Giovanni of Anjou, but the following year the castle was almost totally destroyed by Marino Marzano, an opponent of the Aragonese and the city remained depopulata et dehabitata. The present castle was rebuilt between 1491 and 1503 by Baron Innico II d'Avalos, who rebuilt the city walls. In 1500 was built the village of Marzanello as an outpost.

In 1590 Vairano was purchased by Baron Antonio Mormile of Frignano Cacciapuoti. The Cacciapuoti obtained the title of Duke of Vairano in 1628 and in 1660 they restored again the castle, which remained in the possession of the family until the abolition of feudalism in 1806.

During the fascist period, in the tavern of the chain was locked up the thinker and communist philosopher Antonio Gramsci.

The fortified walls of the medieval village were interspersed with 14 cylindrical towers on the basis of the escarpment and opened with three gates (Porta Oliva, carries means, or of the Mezzogiorno, and Porta Castello, or Sant'Andrea).

The Tavern of the chain
in 1700 along the consular roads Vairano, Via Latina and Venafrana, sprouted several tavernas, for the stop and the change of the horses of the postmen and wayfarer; the best known is the tavern of the chain whose name derives from the fact that when the king went hunting in the nearby nature reserve of Torcino, The crossing was crossed by a chain. It was built by the Duke Domenico Mariconda around 1720. The aforesaid Taverna is passed into history as the place where took place the historic meeting of 26 October 1860, which sanctioned the unification of Italy, between the King Vittorio Emanuele II and the General Giuseppe Garibaldi.

Marzanello
Il Borgo di Marzanello, locality of Vairano Patenora, was created in the sixteenth century as an outpost. It is formed by a few houses and the church of San Nicola, recently restructured. Toward the half of the XVIII century the population began to move toward the current urban agglomerate. Nearby is the church of Santa Maria del Monte, with two aisles, with frescoes and a painting depicting the Virgin and the "Palazzone", roman villa of the I century B.C., subsequently fortified in the Middle Ages. We must not forget the Fontana del Vallo, discreet historical interest.

Certainly deserve a visit the Aragonese Castle and the Abbey of Ferrara.

Vairano Patenora also proposes an excellent gastronomic tradition. Once tasted is impossible to forget the taste of typical pork sausage, Sauciccia Vairano, or della Pezza, a pecorino cheese already known in medieval times and then, inalienable, are the tasty peschiole, fruitlets pesco collected still green, cooked in water and vinegar and flavored with spices. Finally, the king of Vairan, the giant Lupin, also called Lupinone, today a Slow Food Presidium.

Video by Fabio Sguazzin

Other destinations nearby

Venafro
Venafro
The village of Venafro is located in Molise and is the seat of the Regional Park of the Olivo in Venafro.
Isernia - 18.52 KM from Vairano Patenora
Scapoli
Scapoli
Scapoli is a small village in Molise, famous all over the world to be the home of the bagpipe.
Isernia - 31.96 KM from Vairano Patenora
Ausonia
Ausonia
The village of Ausonia is the ancient city of Italic people of the Osci Ausoni, in Lazio.
Frosinone - 32.07 KM from Vairano Patenora
Frosolone
Frosolone
The medieval village of Frosolone is located in Molise.
Isernia - 39.69 KM from Vairano Patenora
Sant’Agata de’ Goti
Sant’Agata de’ Goti
The village of Sant'Agata de' Goti is located at the foot of Monte Taburno, in Campania.
Benevento - 41.32 KM from Vairano Patenora
Oratino
Oratino
The name of the village of Oratino, in Molise, was originally Loretinum.
Campobasso - 47.08 KM from Vairano Patenora

NOTE: distances are set as the crow flies.

Most read articles of the month

The other Tuscany: travelling around the hinterland villages and the islands
The other Tuscany: travelling around the hinterland villages and the islands
Tuscany is a region rich in infinite historical-architectural and natural treasures, where villages of rare beauty meet
By Simona PK Daviddi
Recipe: The Tozzetti with hazelnuts
Recipe: The Tozzetti with hazelnuts
A typical dessert of the Viterbo tradition that recalls the famous "cantucci" but which differ in the use of toasted hazelnuts
By Redazione
Itinerary among 5 of the most suggestive villages of northern Sardinia
Itinerary among 5 of the most suggestive villages of northern Sardinia
From Olbia to Porto Torres, an itinerary that will lead us to the discovery of five fantastic Sardinian villages between the sea and the hinterland
By Redazione
Itinerary between villages and landscapes along the coasts of the Island of Elba
Itinerary between villages and landscapes along the coasts of the Island of Elba
From Cavo to Cavo, an itinerary along the coasts and inhabited centers of the most important island in Tuscany
By Redazione
Recipe: Is Arrubiolus
Recipe: Is Arrubiolus
Among the most loved Carnival sweets in Sardinia, arrubiolus ogliastrini win the podium. These are very delicious fried sweets, made with a delicious mixture of fresh ricotta
By Redazione
Japan proofing
Japan proofing
A journey from north to south of Japan, to discover handicrafts and the fascinating stories that accompany them
By Nicoletta Toffano
e-borghi travel - la rivista per chi ama viaggiare tra borghi e turismo slow

Read e-borghi travel for free, your new travel magazine

With the patronage of