Village of Oriolo
Municipality of Oriolo
Province of Cosenza
Altitude centre: 450 m s.l.m.
the Municipality is part of:
I Borghi più belli d'Italia
Paesi Bandiera Arancione
Municipality of Oriolo
Via Pietro Toscani 75 - Oriolo (CS)
Tel. +39 0981 930871
The sheltering village of Oriolo was born as a fortress to defend the populations fleeing from the coasts due to the continuous Saracen raids. Perched on a rocky spur at about 500 meters of height, preserves a splendid medieval village intact, with beautiful facades of palaces, on the main road that leads to the aragonese castle.
It was a feud first of Sanseverino from Salerno and then to move in the XVI century, the marquises Pinion Del Carretto. And following the noble Soria family until 1978. Until the second world war the country had a population of about 5000 inhabitants, and was the major center of Alto Jonio and point of reference for the countries of the Arberia (Albanesi) and Pollino, saw almost halve its population, which is arrived at about 2600 inhabitants.
Around the year One Thousand Oriolo was already a "civitas". In 1129 Oriolo came encircled of siege and taken from King Ruggero, while in 1265 Oriolo was possessed by Charles II of Anjou. In 1403 was already possessed by the Sanseverino family, princes of Salerno and large of Spain, which however, headed a conspiracy and the feud was expropriated by the Royal Court. In 1571 a large group of Oriolesi participated in the battle of Lepanto. To memory was introduced in Oriolo devotion and the feast of the Virgin of the Rosary, is celebrated on the first sunday of october. In 1647, during the note revolution of Masaniello, rebels oriolesi occupied the castle, damaging furnishings and looting of everything, after having forced the pinion to surrender.
On 8 January 1693 a telluric event took place the whole of Calabria and also Oriolo, but the urban layout of the village ruled to the shocks. Another important factor is the letter of Giuseppe Garibaldi addressed to Joseph Pinion Del Carretto on 10 September 1860. The Marquis of Oriolo found himself having to face, together with the representatives of the Bourbon government, a very delicate situation.
Oriolo saw halve its population in little more than half a century but nevertheless maintains the tourist vocation already developed from the second half of the twentieth century, thanks also to the Outdoor Theater "la Portella".
Certainly deserve a visit to the Church of San Giorgio and the Castle.
NOTE: distances are set as the crow flies.