the Temple of Apollo (Apollónion) of Ortigia is dating back to the beginning of the VI century B.C. and is therefore the oldest doric temple of Sicily or at least the first corresponding to the model that was saying throughout the Hellenic world of temple peripter with stone columns. The temple has undergone several transformations: was Byzantine church, which retains the front staircase and traces of a median door, and then became the Islamic Mosque. Subsequently sovrappose buildings preceding the Norman Church of the Savior who was then incorporated in a sixteenth-century Spanish barracks and in private buildings, while still remaining visible some architectural elements. Represents, in the west greek, the moment of passage between the temple to wooden structure and the stone completely, with esastilo front and a continuous colonnade along the perimeter surrounding the pronaos and cell divided in three naves with two colonnades interior, more slender, places in support of a covering with a wooden structure of difficult reconstruction. On the back of the cell was a closed compartment (adyton) typical of the temples sicelioti.