Martano is instead the city of the aloe, a very cultivated plant here. Formerly strategically important center at the road level, it has some historical libraries and above all an interesting picture gallery, with works by classical painters from the Apulian and Neapolitan area, but also by Gioacchino Toma from Galatino and gallopolino Guido Pagliano, an artist whose container (also equipped of collections of numismatics) is entitled. The Widespread Museum of Lecce stone sculptures is also delightful, with works distributed directly between the streets of the center. The master church, dedicated to the Assumption, offers, among others, works by Cesare Fracanzano (seventeenth century) and Oronzo Tiso (XVIII). Alessandro, Cesare's father, is instead present with a Pietà in the church of the monastery of San Domenico. Alcantarino and then Cistercian the convent of Santa Maria della Consolazione, on the road to Borgagne (fraction of Melendugno). Martano is full of "court houses", typical of Greece Salentina: several houses with the courtyard in common and also sharing the granaries, cisterns and large stacks in stone for laundry. There are also many historic and impressive buildings here, the baronial one, formerly the Aragonese castle. The menhir of Teofilo (or Santu Tòtaru) is instead the highest monolith of the whole Puglia (4.70 m). Even the Specchia dei Mori is the largest in Salento. What are the mirrors? Limestone slabs overlapping one another and taken from the stone removal carried out in the area. The castle of Corigliano d'Otranto is unmissable. Great, imperious, fascinating. It is the castle de 'Monti, a medieval birth but a Renaissance figure, sanctioning the passage from square towers to roundabouts. Superb.
Typical rural buildings of Lecce. Apigliano is increasingly known as a medieval village, today an archaeological site. Historically linked also to the neighboring Zollino, it was inhabited from the XII century, with settlement primitives already of the VIII. It was suddenly abounded for reasons still unknown to historians.
Like in Otranto, even here in the mother church of San Nicola a mosaic floor of the Arbor Vitae, but much more recent: it dates back to the 19th century.
Sogliano Cavour was only "Sogliano": then, with the Unification of Italy, here is the tribute to the Piedmontese statesman. Who knows. The change of name to stand out from a homonymous center in Forlì.
The baroque and neoclassical church is the mother church of San Lorenzo, dating back to the 17th century, the Agostiniani monastery and dating back to the baronial palace as early as 1100.
The church of the souls of Sante del Purgatorio rises on the basilic caves dedicated to San Trifone, also revered in Alessano and in the Bari area of Adelfia.
In Carpignano Salentino the famous Byzantine crypt of Santa Cristina (IX-XI centuries). It is the first testimony of the Byzantine Greek rite in the area and holds some of the oldest frescoes in the whole of Southern Italy. Very well known that of the Christ of Theophilatus. Ippolito Borghese, an Umbrian painter active between the 16th and 17th centuries, is present in the sanctuary of the Madonna della Grotta, another pride of Carpignano.
In the hamlet of Serrano, from 18 to 20 August each year, the Festa de lu Contadinu takes place, which is now very much crowded by natives and tourists. And then L'Olio della Poesia, an event that annually awards an artist of national importance with a quintal of extra virgin olive oil. Three kilometers from Serrano, in the ancient fief of Stigliano, here is the small church of Santa Marina, dated 1762.
We are now in Martignano, the city of the illuminist economist Giuseppe Palmieri, to whom a park is dedicated, a large reception area and tourist promotion, with a library and media library. Thousands of visitors each year. From here, guided tours for all the Salento. Here the musical tradition of the pizzica is very widespread: there are always many popular groups that propagate the verb of the famous dance of Salento. >To visit the sixteenth-century master church of Santa Maria dei Martiri and that of San Francesco d'Assisi. Among the historic buildings, definitely the Palmieri. Lastly, in Martignano, finally, the wells for water collection.
We close with Cutrofiano, also near the area of Maglie and Scorrano.
The city is the most important center of ceramic production of the lower Salento. A medieval tradition. In August, as early as 1973, the great annual exhibition of terracotta was held. To visit the Museum of Ceramics, in the Municipal Library, with medieval but also prehistoric finds. The master church, dedicated to a widespread cult in Salento, that of the Madonna della Neve, dates back to the seventeenth century. To quote a painting by Francesco Solimena and a XVII century wooden Crucifix. Among the palaces, above all the Filomarini, of the '600, attributed to Francesco Manuli. Also worthy of a visit is the crypt of San Giovanni Battista, about 1 km from the center. Here a small rock church and a small medieval necropolis. The Fossil Park is of great interest in Cutrofiano, on the road to Aradeo, at the crossroads with Sogliano. Housed in a former clay quarry, it is a real historical site, 12 hectares large. Here are visible several marine geological strata with fossils and very interesting finds. A quarry much studied in the scientific environment and that however experienced a long period of abandonment in the 80s, when it even became an illegal waste dump. Now the situation is much better: 8000 trees have also been cultivated along the edges. In addition, the area has been reclaimed and thus the borders. And history is saved. A story to be appreciated, known and protected.
The history of Cutrofiano, the history of all the villages of the Taranta.
The castle of Corigliano d'Otranto is unmissable. Great, imperious, fascinating. It is the castle de 'Monti, a medieval birth but a Renaissance figure, sanctioning the passage from square towers to roundabouts. Superb.